Infectious diseases occurring naturally or in punishment for sin, and other calamities sent by God. In (Gen 12:17), God strikes Pharaoh “with great plagues” because of Abram’s wife. This foreshadows later punishments inflicted on Pharaoh and his country at the time of Moses (Exod 7-12). In the Pentateuch, plague terms often describe punishment for Israel (Exod 5:3; Exod 30:12; Lev 26:25; Num 8:19; Num 14:12; Num 14:37; Num 25:8-9; Num 18-19:8; Deut 28:21; Deut 32:24; Exod 12:13). Later, Jeremiah and Ezekiel also threaten pestilence, sword, and famine as a threefold divine punishment.

Gen 12:17

17But the Lord afflicted Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai, Abram's wife.

Exod 7-12

1The Lord said to Moses, “See, I have made you like God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet.2You shall speak all that I command you, and yo ... View more

Exod 5:3

3Then they said, “The God of the Hebrews has revealed himself to us; let us go a three days' journey into the wilderness to sacrifice to the Lord our God, or he ... View more

Exod 30:12

12When you take a census of the Israelites to register them, at registration all of them shall give a ransom for their lives to the Lord, so that no plague may ... View more

Lev 26:25

25I will bring the sword against you, executing vengeance for the covenant; and if you withdraw within your cities, I will send pestilence among you, and you sh ... View more

Num 8:19

19Moreover, I have given the Levites as a gift to Aaron and his sons from among the Israelites, to do the service for the Israelites at the tent of meeting, and ... View more

Num 14:12

12I will strike them with pestilence and disinherit them, and I will make of you a nation greater and mightier than they.”

Num 14:37

37the men who brought an unfavorable report about the land died by a plague before the Lord.

Num 25:8-9

8he went after the Israelite man into the tent, and pierced the two of them, the Israelite and the woman, through the belly. So the plague was stopped among the ... View more

Num 18-19:8

Responsibility of Priests and Levites
1The Lord said to Aaron: You and your sons and your ancestral house with you shall bear responsibility for offenses connec ... View more

Deut 28:21

21The Lord will make the pestilence cling to you until it has consumed you off the land that you are entering to possess.

Deut 32:24

24wasting hunger,
burning consumption,
bitter pestilence.
The teeth of beasts I will send against them,
with venom of things crawling in the dust.

Exod 12:13

13The blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you live: when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague shall destroy you when I strike the ... View more

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