Trees, vines, shrubs, herbs, vegetables, flowers, fruits, or ornamental forms of life characterized by roots, a stem, and leaves or foliage equivalent. The general disposition reflected in the Bible is that plants, like animal, marine, and other forms of life, are God’s good gifts. As such they are to be cherished, used, enjoyed, shared, and processed for the good of all people (Gen 1:29; Gen 1:30; Gen 2:8; Gen 3:18). There are some plants that are special messengers of this blessing, such as a tree growing by water (Jer 17:8; Ps 1:3) or a rich vineyard (2Kgs 19:29; Prov 31:16; Amos 9:14). Conversely, there are forms of judgment and curse that are described as deprivation of the normal benefits from plant life (Isa 17:10-11). Overgrown, barren, and deserted sites are also used as metaphorical expressions of divine displeasure or judgment (Amos 4:9; Amos 5:11). Plants can symbolize weakness (2Kgs 19:26) or strength (Ps 144:12), God’s nourishment (Ps 104:14) or destruction (Isa 40:24). A plant can symbolize the persistence of life (Job 14:7-9) or its temporary and unstable character (Job 8:12; Eccl 2:4-7). Planting is seasonal action (Eccl 3:2) but plants need sustained care to be productive (Isa 5:1-4). In the NT, various plants are used as metaphors for God’s proper action (Matt 15:13), all else being futile. They are a metaphor for life, which tests the conduct of humans (Matt 13:18-23). Planting is just one stage in the growth of the church (1Cor 3:6-8), whose life, as is all of life, is a gift of God.

Gen 1:29

29God said, “See, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit; you shall have them ... View more

Gen 1:30

30And to every beast of the earth, and to every bird of the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, everything that has the breath of life, I have give ... View more

Gen 2:8

8And the Lord God planted a garden in Eden, in the east; and there he put the man whom he had formed.

Gen 3:18

18thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you;
and you shall eat the plants of the field.

Jer 17:8

8They shall be like a tree planted by water,
sending out its roots by the stream.
It shall not fear when heat comes,
and its leaves shall stay green;
in the yea ... View more

Ps 1:3

3They are like trees
planted by streams of water,
which yield their fruit in its season,
and their leaves do not wither.
In all that they do, they prosper.

2Kgs 19:29

29“ ‘And this shall be the sign for you: This year you shall eat what grows of itself, and in the second year what springs from that; then in the third year sow ... View more

Prov 31:16

16She considers a field and buys it;
with the fruit of her hands she plants a vineyard.

Amos 9:14

14I will restore the fortunes of my people Israel,
and they shall rebuild the ruined cities and inhabit them;
they shall plant vineyards and drink their wine,
a ... View more

Isa 17:10-11

10For you have forgotten the God of your salvation,
and have not remembered the Rock of your refuge;
therefore, though you plant pleasant plants
and set out sli ... View more

Amos 4:9

9I struck you with blight and mildew;
I laid waste your gardens and your vineyards;
the locust devoured your fig trees and your olive trees;
yet you did not ret ... View more

Amos 5:11

11Therefore because you trample on the poor
and take from them levies of grain,
you have built houses of hewn stone,
but you shall not live in them;
you have pl ... View more

2Kgs 19:26

26while their inhabitants, shorn of strength,
are dismayed and confounded;
they have become like plants of the field
and like tender grass,
like grass on the ho ... View more

Ps 144:12

12May our sons in their youth
be like plants full grown,
our daughters like corner pillars,
cut for the building of a palace.

Ps 104:14

14You cause the grass to grow for the cattle,
and plants for people to use,
to bring forth food from the earth,

Isa 40:24

24Scarcely are they planted, scarcely sown,
scarcely has their stem taken root in the earth,
when he blows upon them, and they wither,
and the tempest carries t ... View more

Job 14:7-9

7“For there is hope for a tree,
if it is cut down, that it will sprout again,
and that its shoots will not cease.8Though its root grows old in the earth,
and it ... View more

Job 8:12

12While yet in flower and not cut down,
they wither before any other plant.

Eccl 2:4-7

4I made great works; I built houses and planted vineyards for myself;5I made myself gardens and parks, and planted in them all kinds of fruit trees.6I made myse ... View more

Eccl 3:2

2a time to be born, and a time to die;
a time to plant, and a time to pluck up what is planted;

Isa 5:1-4

The Song of the Unfruitful Vineyard
1Let me sing for my beloved
my love-song concerning his vineyard:
My beloved had a vineyard
on a very fertile hill.2He dug i ... View more

Matt 15:13

13He answered, “Every plant that my heavenly Father has not planted will be uprooted.

Matt 13:18-23

The Parable of the Sower Explained
18“Hear then the parable of the sower.19When anyone hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one co ... View more

1Cor 3:6-8

6I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the growth.7So neither the one who plants nor the one who waters is anything, but only God who gives the growth.8The o ... View more

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