poor

poor

Lacking in material goods. In certain contexts, encountered primarily in Proverbs, poverty is the consequence of moral lassitude, especially laziness (Prov 13:18; Prov 20:13). In its primary biblical sense, however, poverty is understood not as a consequence of personal failings, but as a result of social factors, particularly injustice (Prov 13:23). Thus, the responsibility of redressing the plight of the poor is fundamental to biblical faith, since the God of Israel is a God who hears the cries of the poor (Ps 12:5). In the law attention is given to social structures that affect the poor (Exod 23:11; Lev 19:9-10; Deut 15:2; Deut 23:24-25). There is to be open-handed sharing with the poor (Deut 15:11; Luke 12:33). The Bible also maintains that the ideal ruler is to be one who assumes responsibility for delivering the poor and crushing oppressors (Ps 72:4). It is part of the messianic expectation (Isa 11:4) fulfilled in Jesus (Luke 1:52-53; Luke 4:18-21). The hope for “good news proclaimed to the poor” (Luke 4:18; Luke 7:22) was ancient (Ps 68:10-11; Isa 29:18-19; Isa 35:4-6). The Beatitude concerning the poor in Luke emphasizes God’s siding with the poor against the wealthy (Luke 6:20, Luke 6:24). A major concern of Paul was to make a collection for the poor in Jerusalem (Rom 15:26; 2Cor 8-9). His purpose was that there be “fair balance” (2Cor 8:13-15).

Prov 13:18

* Invalid citation format *

Prov 20:13

* Invalid citation format *

Prov 13:23

* Invalid citation format *

Ps 12:5

* Invalid citation format *

Exod 23:11

* Invalid citation format *

Lev 19:9-10

* Invalid citation format *

Deut 15:2

* Invalid citation format *

Deut 23:24-25

* Invalid citation format *

Deut 15:11

* Invalid citation format *

Luke 12:33

* Invalid citation format *

Ps 72:4

* Invalid citation format *

Isa 11:4

* Invalid citation format *

Luke 1:52-53

* Invalid citation format *

Luke 4:18-21

* Invalid citation format *

Luke 4:18

* Invalid citation format *

Luke 7:22

* Invalid citation format *

Ps 68:10-11

* Invalid citation format *

Isa 29:18-19

* Invalid citation format *

Isa 35:4-6

* Invalid citation format *

Luke 6:20

* Invalid citation format *

Luke 6:24

* Invalid citation format *

Rom 15:26

* Invalid citation format *

2Cor 8-9

* Invalid citation format *

2Cor 8:13-15

* Invalid citation format *

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.