A person who serves as a channel of communication between the human and divine worlds. Israelites thought of the prophetic experience as one that occurred when people were possessed by the spirit of God: “the hand of the Lord” fell upon them (1Kgs 18:46; 2Kgs 3:15; Jer 15:17; Ezek 1:3); the spirit of God “rested on them” (Num 11:25-26) or “took possession” of them (Judg 6:34). They felt compelled to speak the divine message that had been given to them (Amos 3:8; Jer 20:9). Prophets could sometimes be identified by distinctive clothing or a mark (1Kgs 20:35-41; 2Kgs 1:8; Zech 13:4). Others sometimes performed symbolic acts (Hos 1:4-9; Isa 7:3; Isa 8:1-4; Isa 20:1-6; Jer 19:1-15; Jer 27:1-28:1) or constructed their oracles in characteristic ways (e.g., using the formula “thus says the Lord”). Because divine possession was not a continuous experience for any of the prophets, they played various social roles in addition to carrying out their prophetic activities. Prophets like Amos prophesied only occasionally and were normally involved in secular occupations (Amos 1:1; Amos 7:14-15). Others, such as Jeremiah and Ezekiel, were priests who were occasionally transformed into prophets (Jer 1:1; Ezek 1:3). Prophecy also played an important role in Christianity from the very beginning (Acts 2:14-21). The early church used OT prophecy to interpret the life and teachings of Jesus, who himself was recognized as a prophet (Matt 13:57; Matt 21:11; Luke 4:24; John 4:19; John 9:17). After the resurrection, prophecy became one of the gifts of the Spirit and at least in some congregations was a normal part of worship (1Thess 5:20; 1Cor 12:28-29; 1Cor 14:26-32).

1Kgs 18:46

46But the hand of the Lord was on Elijah; he girded up his loins and ran in front of Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel.

2Kgs 3:15

15But get me a musician.” And then, while the musician was playing, the power of the Lord came on him.

Jer 15:17

17I did not sit in the company of merrymakers,
nor did I rejoice;
under the weight of your hand I sat alone,
for you had filled me with indignation.

Ezek 1:3

3the word of the Lord came to the priest Ezekiel son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and the hand of the Lord was on him there.

Num 11:25-26

25Then the Lord came down in the cloud and spoke to him, and took some of the spirit that was on him and put it on the seventy elders; and when the spirit reste ... View more

Judg 6:34

34But the spirit of the Lord took possession of Gideon; and he sounded the trumpet, and the Abiezrites were called out to follow him.

Amos 3:8

8The lion has roared;
who will not fear?
The Lord GOD has spoken;
who can but prophesy?

Jer 20:9

9If I say, “I will not mention him,
or speak any more in his name,”
then within me there is something like a burning fire
shut up in my bones;
I am weary with h ... View more

1Kgs 20:35-41

A Prophet Condemns Ahab
35At the command of the Lord a certain member of a company of prophets said to another, “Strike me!” But the man refused to strike him.3 ... View more

2Kgs 1:8

8They answered him, “A hairy man, with a leather belt around his waist.” He said, “It is Elijah the Tishbite.”

Zech 13:4

4On that day the prophets will be ashamed, every one, of their visions when they prophesy; they will not put on a hairy mantle in order to deceive,

Hos 1:4-9

4And the Lord said to him, “Name him Jezreel; for in a little while I will punish the house of Jehu for the blood of Jezreel, and I will put an end to the kingd ... View more

Isa 7:3

3Then the Lord said to Isaiah, Go out to meet Ahaz, you and your son Shear-jashub, at the end of the conduit of the upper pool on the highway to the Fuller's Fi ... View more

Isa 8:1-4

Isaiah's Son a Sign of the Assyrian Invasion
1Then the Lord said to me, Take a large tablet and write on it in common characters, “Belonging to Maher-shalal-has ... View more

Isa 20:1-6

Isaiah Dramatizes the Conquest of Egypt and Ethiopia
1In the year that the commander-in-chief, who was sent by King Sargon of Assyria, came to Ashdod and fought ... View more

Jer 19:1-15

The Broken Earthenware Jug
1Thus said the Lord: Go and buy a potter's earthenware jug. Take with you some of the elders of the people and some of the senior pri ... View more

Jer 27:1-28:1

The Sign of the Yoke
1In the beginning of the reign of King Zedekiah son of Josiah of Judah, this word came to Jeremiah from the Lord.2Thus the Lord said to me: ... View more

Amos 1:1

1The words of Amos, who was among the shepherds of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of King Uzziah of Judah and in the days of King Jeroboam so ... View more

Amos 7:14-15

14Then Amos answered Amaziah, “I am no prophet, nor a prophet's son; but I am a herdsman, and a dresser of sycamore trees,15and the Lord took me from following ... View more

Jer 1:1

1The words of Jeremiah son of Hilkiah, of the priests who were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin,

Ezek 1:3

3the word of the Lord came to the priest Ezekiel son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and the hand of the Lord was on him there.

Acts 2:14-21

Peter Addresses the Crowd
14But Peter, standing with the eleven, raised his voice and addressed them, “Men of Judea and all who live in Jerusalem, let this be k ... View more

Matt 13:57

57And they took offense at him. But Jesus said to them, “Prophets are not without honor except in their own country and in their own house.”

Matt 21:11

11The crowds were saying, “This is the prophet Jesus from Nazareth in Galilee.”

Luke 4:24

24And he said, “Truly I tell you, no prophet is accepted in the prophet's hometown.

John 4:19

19The woman said to him, “Sir, I see that you are a prophet.

John 9:17

17So they said again to the blind man, “What do you say about him? It was your eyes he opened.” He said, “He is a prophet.”

1Thess 5:20

20Do not despise the words of prophets,

1Cor 12:28-29

28And God has appointed in the church first apostles, second prophets, third teachers; then deeds of power, then gifts of healing, forms of assistance, forms of ... View more

1Cor 14:26-32

Orderly Worship
26What should be done then, my friends? When you come together, each one has a hymn, a lesson, a revelation, a tongue, or an interpretation. Let ... View more

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