Samaria (Suh-mair´ee-uh)

City of, the capital of the Northern Kingdom for the greater part of the history of that state. Omri built the city in the early ninth century BCE and moved his administrative center there from Tirzah (1Kgs 16:24). It remained the capital until the demise of the kingdom in 721 BCE, when the city was taken by the Assyrians after a long siege (1Kgs 17:1-6). Samaria is mentioned frequently in the OT. We are told that Ahab built an altar and temple for Baal in Samaria (1Kgs 16:32), a shrine later destroyed by Jehu in the reform that accompanied his reign (ca. 834 BCE). Thus, Samaria was criticized by the prophets for its idolatry (Amos 8:14), being compared in this respect to both pagan cities and Jerusalem (Isa 10:10-11; Ezek 16:46-55; Ezek 23:1-49). Elsewhere in the prophetic oracles, the people of Samaria are condemned for their pride (Isa 9:8-17), wickedness (Hos 7:1-7), rebellion (Hos 13:16), and oppression and exploitation of the poor (Amos 3:9-12; Amos 4:1-3) as well as for the indolence and spiritual insensitivity engendered by their wealth (Amos 6:1-7).

1Kgs 16:24

Samaria the New Capital
24He bought the hill of Samaria from Shemer for two talents of silver; he fortified the hill, and called the city that he built, Samaria ... View more

1Kgs 17:1-6

Elijah Predicts a Drought
1Now Elijah the Tishbite, of Tishbe in Gilead, said to Ahab, “As the Lord the God of Israel lives, before whom I stand, there shall be ... View more

1Kgs 16:32

32He erected an altar for Baal in the house of Baal, which he built in Samaria.

Amos 8:14

14Those who swear by Ashimah of Samaria,
and say, “As your god lives, O Dan,”
and, “As the way of Beer-sheba lives”—
they shall fall, and never rise again.

Isa 10:10-11

10As my hand has reached to the kingdoms of the idols
whose images were greater than those of Jerusalem and Samaria,11shall I not do to Jerusalem and her idols
... View more

Ezek 16:46-55

46Your elder sister is Samaria, who lived with her daughters to the north of you; and your younger sister, who lived to the south of you, is Sodom with her daug ... View more

Ezek 23:1-49

Oholah and Oholibah
1The word of the Lord came to me:2Mortal, there were two women, the daughters of one mother;3they played the whore in Egypt; they played the ... View more

Isa 9:8-17

Judgment on Arrogance and Oppression
8The Lord sent a word against Jacob,
and it fell on Israel;9and all the people knew it—
Ephraim and the inhabitants of Sama ... View more

Hos 7:1-7

1when I would heal Israel,
the corruption of Ephraim is revealed,
and the wicked deeds of Samaria;
for they deal falsely,
the thief breaks in,
and the bandits r ... View more

Hos 13:16

16 Samaria shall bear her guilt,
because she has rebelled against her God;
they shall fall by the sword,
their little ones shall be dashed in pieces,
and their ... View more

Amos 3:9-12

9Proclaim to the strongholds in Ashdod,
and to the strongholds in the land of Egypt,
and say, “Assemble yourselves on Mount Samaria,
and see what great tumults ... View more

Amos 4:1-3

1Hear this word, you cows of Bashan
who are on Mount Samaria,
who oppress the poor, who crush the needy,
who say to their husbands, “Bring something to drink!”2 ... View more

Amos 6:1-7

Complacent Self-Indulgence Will Be Punished
1Alas for those who are at ease in Zion,
and for those who feel secure on Mount Samaria,
the notables of the first o ... View more

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