Satan (Say´tuhn)

The English transliteration of a Hebrew word whose literal meaning is “adversary.” In the OT, the figure of Satan appears only three times (Job 1-2; Zech 3:1-2; 1Chr 21:1). In the first two instances, Satan is depicted as a member of God’s court whose basic duty it was to “accuse” human beings before God. He is not presented at this point as an enemy of God or as the leader of the demonic forces of evil. In the NT writings, Satan appears frequently, especially in the Gospels. The figure is also known by numerous other designations, among which are “devil” (Matt 4:1), “tempter” (Matt 4:3), “accuser” (Rev 12:10), “ruler of the demons” (Luke 11:15), “ruler of this world” (John 12:31), “Beelzebul” (Matt 10:25), and “evil one” (Matt 5:37; Eph 6:13). In both Jewish and Christian writings, it is clearly affirmed that, no matter how powerful Satan may appear to be, his final overthrow by the power of God is certain (e.g., Rev 20:1-15, where “the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the Devil and Satan” is to be “thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur . . . and tormented day and night forever and ever”).

Job 1-2

Job and His Family
1There was once a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job. That man was blameless and upright, one who feared God and turned away from evil. ... View more

Zech 3:1-2

Fourth Vision: Joshua and Satan
1Then he showed me the high priest Joshua standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to accuse ... View more

1Chr 21:1

The Census and Plague
1Satan stood up against Israel, and incited David to count the people of Israel.

Matt 4:1

The Temptation of Jesus
1Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.

Matt 4:3

3The tempter came and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command these stones to become loaves of bread.”

Rev 12:10

10Then I heard a loud voice in heaven, proclaiming,
“Now have come the salvation and the power
and the kingdom of our God
and the authority of his Messiah,
for ... View more

Luke 11:15

15But some of them said, “He casts out demons by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons.”

John 12:31

31Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this world will be driven out.

Matt 10:25

25it is enough for the disciple to be like the teacher, and the slave like the master. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebul, how much more will ... View more

Matt 5:37

37Let your word be ‘Yes, Yes’ or ‘No, No’; anything more than this comes from the evil one.

Eph 6:13

13Therefore take up the whole armor of God, so that you may be able to withstand on that evil day, and having done everything, to stand firm.

Rev 20:1-15

The Thousand Years
1Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding in his hand the key to the bottomless pit and a great chain.2He seized the dragon, that ... View more

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