One trained in the formal art of reading and writing, usually with competence in some area such as law, economics, or the like. In the ancient Near East the designation “scribe” covered a variety of offices, from the local copiers of documents and contracts for ordinary people to government officials invested with serious responsibilities. In the OT the scribe first appears as a muster officer (Judg 5:14) and later as a high cabinet officer concerned with finance, policy, and administration (2Kgs 22; Jer 36:10). Jeremiah’s associate, Baruch, who recorded his words, was also a scribe (Jer 36:32). In postexilic times (sixth century BCE) Ezra the scribe was sent by the Persian king to instruct and guide the inhabitants of Judea. In the NT “the scribes” occasionally appear alone, but are more often in company with other Jewish groups. In almost all cases they are opponents of Jesus (but see Mark 12:28-34). Similarly, in the early chapters of Acts the scribes and elders are opponents of Christianity (Acts 4:5; Acts 6:12).

Judg 5:14

14From Ephraim they set out into the valley,
following you, Benjamin, with your kin;
from Machir marched down the commanders,
and from Zebulun those who bear th ... View more

2Kgs 22

Josiah Reigns over Judah
1Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign; he reigned thirty-one years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Jedidah daughter of ... View more

Jer 36:10

10Then, in the hearing of all the people, Baruch read the words of Jeremiah from the scroll, in the house of the Lord, in the chamber of Gemariah son of Shaphan ... View more

Jer 36:32

32Then Jeremiah took another scroll and gave it to the secretary Baruch son of Neriah, who wrote on it at Jeremiah's dictation all the words of the scroll that ... View more

Mark 12:28-34

The First Commandment
28One of the scribes came near and heard them disputing with one another, and seeing that he answered them well, he asked him, “Which comm ... View more

Acts 4:5

5The next day their rulers, elders, and scribes assembled in Jerusalem,

Acts 6:12

12They stirred up the people as well as the elders and the scribes; then they suddenly confronted him, seized him, and brought him before the council.

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