Shalmaneser (Shal´muh-nee´zuhr)

The name of two Assyrian kings important for the history of ancient Israel. 1 Shalmaneser III, the son of Ashurnasirpal II and king of Assyria 858–824 BCE. Though not mentioned by name in the Bible, Shalmaneser III was the king opposed by Ahab of Israel in 853. Later, in 841, King Jehu rendered tribute to Shalmaneser III, following the latter’s defeat of Hazael of Damascus. 2 Shalmaneser V, the son of Tiglath-pileser III, king of Assyria 727–722 BCE, who figures prominently in (2Kgs 17:1-6). In 726, Hosea of Israel recognized him as overlord and rendered tribute (2Kgs 17:3). Shortly thereafter, a rebellion against Assyria led to Hosea’s imprisonment in 724. Shalmaneser laid siege to Samaria, and the city fell to him in the autumn of 722, but Shalmaneser’s death left the fate of Samaria undetermined. The “king of Assyria” who exiled Israelites from Samaria (2Kgs 17:6;) was Shalmaneser V’s successor, Sargon II, who reconquered the city in 720 BCE.

2Kgs 17:1-6

Hoshea Reigns over Israel
1In the twelfth year of King Ahaz of Judah, Hoshea son of Elah began to reign in Samaria over Israel; he reigned nine years.2He did wh ... View more

2Kgs 17:3

3King Shalmaneser of Assyria came up against him; Hoshea became his vassal, and paid him tribute.

2Kgs 17:6

6In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria captured Samaria; he carried the Israelites away to Assyria. He placed them in Halah, on the Habor, the river o ... View more

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