Shem (Heb., “name,” “renown”)

One of the three sons of Noah. Shem occupies a special place among the sons of Noah because he was the eldest (Gen 5:32; Gen 9:18), the recipient of special blessing (Gen 9:26), and the ancestor of a group of peoples that included the Hebrews (Eber, Gen 10:21, Gen 10:24). Thus the term “Semite” (“Shemite”) has its derivation in reference to his descendants.

Gen 5:32

32After Noah was five hundred years old, Noah became the father of Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

Gen 9:18

Noah and His Sons
18The sons of Noah who went out of the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Ham was the father of Canaan.

Gen 9:26

26He also said,
“Blessed by the Lord my God be Shem;
and let Canaan be his slave.

Gen 10:21

21To Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japheth, children were born.

Gen 10:24

24Arpachshad became the father of Shelah; and Shelah became the father of Eber.

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