The ancient capital of Elam (the southwestern area of modern Iran), which reached its height of importance as the residence and especially the winter capital of the kings of Persia. Called “Susa the capital” in (Esth 1:2 and Neh 1:1), it provides the setting for the story of Esther and Mordecai. Daniel is also placed in Susa (Shushan) during the reign of Belshazzar (Dan 8:2).
2In those days when King Ahasuerus sat on his royal throne in the citadel of Susa,
Nehemiah Prays for His People
1The words of Nehemiah son of Hacaliah. In the month of Chislev, in the twentieth year, while I was in Susa the capital,
2In the vision I was looking and saw myself in Susa the capital, in the province of Elam, and I was by the river Ulai.