Sinai (Si´ni; derivation uncertain, perhaps related to the Mesopotamian moon god Sin)

1 The Sinai Peninsula, a large wedge-shaped block of territory that forms a land bridge between Africa and Asia. Sinai is bounded on the west by the Suez Canal and Gulf of Suez, while the Negeb and Gulf of Aqabah form the peninsula’s eastern border. Sinai’s northern and southern limits are clearly defined by the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, respectively. When Abraham, Jacob, and the family of Jacob made their way between Canaan and Egypt, the trade routes across the peninsula were already well established. Many centuries later, Saul and David fought the Amalekites in northwestern Sinai (1Sam 15:7; 1Sam 27:8), and Elijah made a pilgrimage to this region’s famous mountain (1Kgs 19:8). Still later, Joseph, Mary, and Jesus entered the Sinai as they fled from Herod (Matt 2:13). 2 The Wilderness of Sinai, the biblical name for the small, distinct region in which Mt. Sinai was located. It was in this wilderness that the Israelites were encamped when they received the law (Exod 19:1-2; Lev 7:38), were numbered (Num 1:19; Num 3:14; Num 26:64), and celebrated the Passover (Num 9:5). It was also in the wilderness of Mt. Sinai that Moses had encountered the burning bush (Exod 3:1-2; Acts 7:30; Acts 7:38). 3 Mt. Sinai, the mountain on which the law was delivered to Moses (Exod 31:18; Exod 34:29; Exod 34:32; Lev 26:46; Lev 27:34; Neh 9:13). The biblical writers refer to Mt. Sinai by various names (e.g., “the mountain,” “the mountain of God,” “Mount Horeb,” “the mountain of Horeb,” and “the mountain of God in Horeb”). This mountain played a significant role in the spiritual development of Moses (Exod 3:1-12), and its sacred character was magnified when Sinai became the locus of divine revelation par excellence (Exod 19:18; Exod 19:20; Exod 19:23; Exod 24:16; Deut 33:2; Judg 5:5; Ps 68:8).

1Sam 15:7

7Saul defeated the Amalekites, from Havilah as far as Shur, which is east of Egypt.

1Sam 27:8

8Now David and his men went up and made raids on the Geshurites, the Girzites, and the Amalekites; for these were the landed settlements from Telam on the way t ... View more

1Kgs 19:8

8He got up, and ate and drank; then he went in the strength of that food forty days and forty nights to Horeb the mount of God.

Matt 2:13

The Escape to Egypt
13Now after they had left, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Get up, take the child and his mother, and flee to ... View more

Exod 19:1-2

The Israelites Reach Mount Sinai
1On the third new moon after the Israelites had gone out of the land of Egypt, on that very day, they came into the wilderness ... View more

Lev 7:38

38which the Lord commanded Moses on Mount Sinai, when he commanded the people of Israel to bring their offerings to the Lord, in the wilderness of Sinai.

Num 1:19

19as the Lord commanded Moses. So he enrolled them in the wilderness of Sinai.

Num 3:14

A Census of the Levites
14Then the Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, saying:

Num 26:64

64Among these there was not one of those enrolled by Moses and Aaron the priest, who had enrolled the Israelites in the wilderness of Sinai.

Num 9:5

5They kept the passover in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight, in the wilderness of Sinai. Just as the Lord had commanded Moses, s ... View more

Exod 3:1-2

Moses at the Burning Bush
1Moses was keeping the flock of his father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian; he led his flock beyond the wilderness, and came to Ho ... View more

Acts 7:30

30“Now when forty years had passed, an angel appeared to him in the wilderness of Mount Sinai, in the flame of a burning bush.

Acts 7:38

38He is the one who was in the congregation in the wilderness with the angel who spoke to him at Mount Sinai, and with our ancestors; and he received living ora ... View more

Exod 31:18

The Two Tablets of the Covenant
18When God finished speaking with Moses on Mount Sinai, he gave him the two tablets of the covenant, tablets of stone, written w ... View more

Exod 34:29

The Shining Face of Moses
29Moses came down from Mount Sinai. As he came down from the mountain with the two tablets of the covenant in his hand, Moses did not ... View more

Exod 34:32

32Afterward all the Israelites came near, and he gave them in commandment all that the Lord had spoken with him on Mount Sinai.

Lev 26:46

46These are the statutes and ordinances and laws that the Lord established between himself and the people of Israel on Mount Sinai through Moses.

Lev 27:34

34These are the commandments that the Lord gave to Moses for the people of Israel on Mount Sinai.

Neh 9:13

13You came down also upon Mount Sinai, and spoke with them from heaven, and gave them right ordinances and true laws, good statutes and commandments,

Exod 3:1-12

Moses at the Burning Bush
1Moses was keeping the flock of his father-in-law Jethro, the priest of Midian; he led his flock beyond the wilderness, and came to Ho ... View more

Exod 19:18

18Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke, because the Lord had descended upon it in fire; the smoke went up like the smoke of a kiln, while the whole mountain sho ... View more

Exod 19:20

20When the Lord descended upon Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain, the Lord summoned Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.

Exod 19:23

23Moses said to the Lord, “The people are not permitted to come up to Mount Sinai; for you yourself warned us, saying, ‘Set limits around the mountain and keep ... View more

Exod 24:16

16The glory of the Lord settled on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it for six days; on the seventh day he called to Moses out of the cloud.

Deut 33:2

2He said:
The Lord came from Sinai,
and dawned from Seir upon us;
he shone forth from Mount Paran.
With him were myriads of holy ones;
at his right, a host of h ... View more

Judg 5:5

5The mountains quaked before the Lord, the One of Sinai,
before the Lord, the God of Israel.

Ps 68:8

8the earth quaked, the heavens poured down rain
at the presence of God, the God of Sinai,
at the presence of God, the God of Israel.

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