Solomon (Sol´uh-muhn; Heb., “God’s beloved”)

David’s son by Bathsheba, and his successor, who reigned for forty years in the second third of the tenth century BCE. Solomon appears to have been responsible for political consolidation (1Kgs 4:7-19); his reign was also characterized by vigorous activity in the international sphere and an extensive building program that included an elaborate palace complex and a temple. The cosmopolitanism resulting from his participation in international affairs brought many foreign religious practices to Jerusalem, and this is said to have prompted God to split the kingdom (1Kgs 11:9-25). Nevertheless, the OT makes much of Solomon’s wisdom (1Kgs 3:16-27; 1Kgs 10:1-3), which was given to him by God in response to his specific request, when offered whatever he might choose (1Kgs 3:5-9). This tradition is reflected in the ascription of several sections of the book of Proverbs to him (Prov 1:1; Prov 10:1) along with the book of Ecclesiastes (Eccl 1:1). Solomon’s many wives and his wealth also probably played a role in the traditional ascriptions of Song of Solomon to him (Song 1:1), just as the tradition that he wrote poetry was doubtless important in the ascriptions of (Ps 72 and Ps 127. The proverbial nature of Solomon’s glory and wisdom is reflected in sayings of Jesus (Matt 6:29; Matt 12:42). Matthew also lists Solomon as one of Jesus’s ancestors (Matt 1:6-7).

1Kgs 4:7-19

7Solomon had twelve officials over all Israel, who provided food for the king and his household; each one had to make provision for one month in the year.8These ... View more

1Kgs 11:9-25

9Then the Lord was angry with Solomon, because his heart had turned away from the Lord, the God of Israel, who had appeared to him twice,10and had commanded him ... View more

1Kgs 3:16-27

Solomon's Wisdom in Judgment
16Later, two women who were prostitutes came to the king and stood before him.17The one woman said, “Please, my lord, this woman an ... View more

1Kgs 10:1-3

Visit of the Queen of Sheba
1When the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, (fame due to the name of the Lord), she came to test him with hard questions. ... View more

1Kgs 3:5-9

5At Gibeon the Lord appeared to Solomon in a dream by night; and God said, “Ask what I should give you.”6And Solomon said, “You have shown great and steadfast l ... View more

Prov 1:1

1The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:

Prov 10:1

Wise Sayings of Solomon
1The proverbs of Solomon.

A wise child makes a glad father,
but a foolish child is a mother's grief.

Eccl 1:1

Reflections of a Royal Philosopher
1The words of the Teacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.

Song 1:1

1The Song of Songs, which is Solomon's.

Ps 72

Prayer for Guidance and Support for the King
Of Solomon.
1Give the king your justice, O God,
and your righteousness to a king's son.2May he judge your people wi ... View more

Ps 127

God's Blessings in the Home
A Song of Ascents. Of Solomon.
1Unless the Lord builds the house,
those who build it labor in vain.
Unless the Lord guards the city, ... View more

Matt 6:29

29yet I tell you, even Solomon in all his glory was not clothed like one of these.

Matt 12:42

42The queen of the South will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to listen to the wisdom o ... View more

Matt 1:6-7

6and Jesse the father of King David.
And David was the father of Solomon by the wife of Uriah,7and Solomon the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam the father of Ab ... View more

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