The self-luminous bodies in the sky (except meteors, comets, and nebulae). In modern times, the sun is considered a star; in ancient thought, however, and in the Bible, the sun, moon, and stars are distinguished (Gen 1:16). Moreover, although planets are not considered stars today, biblical writers considered them such; the “Day Star, son of Dawn” (Isa 14:12), was most likely Venus, and the “star” of the “god Rephan” (Acts 7:43) was probably Saturn. The stars and constellations have been created by God (Gen 1:16; Ps 8:3; Ps 136:9; Job 9:9; Amos 5:8). God has named them (Ps 147:4; Isa 40:26) and has set them in their courses (Jer 31:35; Job 9:7). No one can count them (Gen 15:5; Gen 22:17; Gen 26:4). In the ancient Near East, the stars were generally regarded as divinities affecting human destiny. Astrology sought to predict coming events through observing the courses of the stars and planets (Isa 47:13). In the OT, however, the stars are not recognized as divinities, and astrology is rejected as a foreign influence (Jer 10:2). In particular, star worship was condemned (Deut 4:19; Deut 17:2-5; 2Kgs 23:4-14; Amos 5:26).

Gen 1:16

16God made the two great lights—the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night—and the stars.

Isa 14:12

12How you are fallen from heaven,
O Day Star, son of Dawn!
How you are cut down to the ground,
you who laid the nations low!

Acts 7:43

43No; you took along the tent of Moloch,
and the star of your god Rephan,
the images that you made to worship;
so I will remove you beyond Babylon.’

Gen 1:16

16God made the two great lights—the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night—and the stars.

Ps 8:3

3When I look at your heavens, the work of your fingers,
the moon and the stars that you have established;

Ps 136:9

9the moon and stars to rule over the night,
for his steadfast love endures forever;

Job 9:9

9who made the Bear and Orion,
the Pleiades and the chambers of the south;

Amos 5:8

8The one who made the Pleiades and Orion,
and turns deep darkness into the morning,
and darkens the day into night,
who calls for the waters of the sea,
and pou ... View more

Ps 147:4

4He determines the number of the stars;
he gives to all of them their names.

Isa 40:26

26Lift up your eyes on high and see:
Who created these?
He who brings out their host and numbers them,
calling them all by name;
because he is great in strength ... View more

Jer 31:35

35Thus says the Lord,
who gives the sun for light by day
and the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night,
who stirs up the sea so that its wave ... View more

Job 9:7

7who commands the sun, and it does not rise;
who seals up the stars;

Gen 15:5

5He brought him outside and said, “Look toward heaven and count the stars, if you are able to count them.” Then he said to him, “So shall your descendants be.”

Gen 22:17

17I will indeed bless you, and I will make your offspring as numerous as the stars of heaven and as the sand that is on the seashore. And your offspring shall p ... View more

Gen 26:4

4I will make your offspring as numerous as the stars of heaven, and will give to your offspring all these lands; and all the nations of the earth shall gain ble ... View more

Isa 47:13

13You are wearied with your many consultations;
let those who study the heavens
stand up and save you,
those who gaze at the stars,
and at each new moon predict ... View more

Jer 10:2

2Thus says the Lord:
Do not learn the way of the nations,
or be dismayed at the signs of the heavens;
for the nations are dismayed at them.

Deut 4:19

19And when you look up to the heavens and see the sun, the moon, and the stars, all the host of heaven, do not be led astray and bow down to them and serve them ... View more

Deut 17:2-5

2If there is found among you, in one of your towns that the Lord your God is giving you, a man or woman who does what is evil in the sight of the Lord your God, ... View more

2Kgs 23:4-14

4The king commanded the high priest Hilkiah, the priests of the second order, and the guardians of the threshold, to bring out of the temple of the Lord all the ... View more

Amos 5:26

26You shall take up Sakkuth your king, and Kaiwan your star-god, your images, which you made for yourselves;

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