Generally an enticement to do evil, but the term is used in the Bible to convey two somewhat different ideas. The first is that of “testing” or “proving by testing,” to determine the depth and integrity of one’s commitment to God (see, e.g., God’s command to Abraham to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice in (Gen 22:1-19; also the testing of Job in Job 1-2). In the NT, some of the writers thought of persecution as a “testing” in this manner (1Pet 1:3-9). The intent of this testing is ultimately to strengthen the person’s faith and devotion to God. By contrast, the second nuance of temptation, enticement toward sin, is not attributed to God (Jas 1:12-15). Thus, the petition in the Lord’s Prayer dealing with temptation (Matt 6:13; ) should probably be understood in the first of these two senses (“Do not put us to the test”). The Bible also speaks of human beings attempting to put God to a test, usually for the purpose of confirming God’s plans or purposes (Judg 6; Matt 12:39) or to determine whether they can manipulate God (Ps 95:8-11; Matt 4:5-7; Luke 4:9-12). This comes up in the temptation of Jesus by Satan (Matt 4:1-11; Mark 1:12-13; Luke 4:1-13).

Gen 22:1-19

The Command to Sacrifice Isaac
1After these things God tested Abraham. He said to him, “Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.”2He said, “Take your son, your only s ... View more

Job 1-2

Job and His Family
1There was once a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job. That man was blameless and upright, one who feared God and turned away from evil. ... View more

1Pet 1:3-9

A Living Hope
3Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! By his great mercy he has given us a new birth into a living hope through the resurrectio ... View more

Jas 1:12-15

Trial and Temptation
12Blessed is anyone who endures temptation. Such a one has stood the test and will receive the crown of life that the Lord has promised to ... View more

Matt 6:13

13And do not bring us to the time of trial,
but rescue us from the evil one.

Judg 6

The Midianite Oppression
1The Israelites did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord gave them into the hand of Midian seven years.2The hand of Mid ... View more

Matt 12:39

39But he answered them, “An evil and adulterous generation asks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah.

Ps 95:8-11

8Do not harden your hearts, as at Meribah,
as on the day at Massah in the wilderness,9when your ancestors tested me,
and put me to the proof, though they had se ... View more

Matt 4:5-7

5Then the devil took him to the holy city and placed him on the pinnacle of the temple,6saying to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down; for it i ... View more

Luke 4:9-12

9Then the devil took him to Jerusalem, and placed him on the pinnacle of the temple, saying to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down from here,10 ... View more

Matt 4:1-11

The Temptation of Jesus
1Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.2He fasted forty days and forty nights, and afterwar ... View more

Mark 1:12-13

The Temptation of Jesus
12And the Spirit immediately drove him out into the wilderness.13He was in the wilderness forty days, tempted by Satan; and he was with ... View more

Luke 4:1-13

The Temptation of Jesus
1Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wilderness,2where for forty days he was tempt ... View more

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