Tiberius (Ti-bihr´ee-uhs)

Roman emperor from 14 CE, when he succeeded Augustus, until 37 CE. Thus, he was the reigning emperor during Jesus’s public ministry and (except in Luke 2:1) is the “Caesar” of the NT Gospels. (Luke 3:1) uses his name in fixing the date for John’s preaching and the baptism of Jesus (“in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar,” i.e., in 29 CE). Matthew, Mark, and Luke all contain the incident of the questioning of Jesus concerning the payment of taxes to Caesar (Matt 22:15-23; Mark 12:13-17; Luke 20:20-26).

Luke 2:1

The Birth of Jesus
1In those days a decree went out from Emperor Augustus that all the world should be registered.

Luke 3:1

The Proclamation of John the Baptist
1In the fifteenth year of the reign of Emperor Tiberius, when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, and Herod was ruler of ... View more

Matt 22:15-23

The Question about Paying Taxes
15Then the Pharisees went and plotted to entrap him in what he said.16So they sent their disciples to him, along with the Herodi ... View more

Mark 12:13-17

The Question about Paying Taxes
13Then they sent to him some Pharisees and some Herodians to trap him in what he said.14And they came and said to him, “Teacher, ... View more

Luke 20:20-26

The Question about Paying Taxes
20So they watched him and sent spies who pretended to be honest, in order to trap him by what he said, so as to hand him over to ... View more

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