Tirzah (Tihr´zuh; Heb., “pleasantness”)

1 One of the five daughters of Zelophahad who appealed to Moses for adjustment of the inheritance custom. This incident gives a glimpse of Israelite attention to issues of justice and of land tenure (Num 26:33; Num 27:1-11; Num 36:5-12; Josh 17:3-6). 2 The region belonging to the clan of Tirzah. 3 A city listed as one whose king was defeated by Joshua (Josh 12:24). It was probably a Canaanite city-state in the thirteenth century BCE. Three hundred years later, it emerged as Jeroboam’s capital (1Kgs 14:17; cf. v. 12). Baasha, who usurped control from Jeroboam’s family, reigned from Tirzah (1Kgs 15:21; 1Kgs 15:33; 1Kgs 16:6); when Zimri displaced Baasha’s family, the coup occurred at Tirzah (1Kgs 16:8-9). When Omri besieged Zimri at Tirzah, Zimri burned its citadel and palace down upon himself; Omri then consolidated his reign at Tirzah before moving the capital to Samaria (1Kgs 16:15-23). Around 745 BCE Tirzah reappeared as the base of operations for Menahem, still another usurper of the throne (2Kgs 15:14; 2Kgs 15:16).

Num 26:33

33Now Zelophehad son of Hepher had no sons, but daughters: and the names of the daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.

Num 27:1-11

The Daughters of Zelophehad
1Then the daughters of Zelophehad came forward. Zelophehad was son of Hepher son of Gilead son of Machir son of Manasseh son of Jose ... View more

Num 36:5-12

5Then Moses commanded the Israelites according to the word of the Lord, saying, “The descendants of the tribe of Joseph are right in what they are saying.6This ... View more

Josh 17:3-6

3Now Zelophehad son of Hepher son of Gilead son of Machir son of Manasseh had no sons, but only daughters; and these are the names of his daughters: Mahlah, Noa ... View more

Josh 12:24

24the king of Tirzah

thirty-one kings in all.

1Kgs 14:17

17Then Jeroboam's wife got up and went away, and she came to Tirzah. As she came to the threshold of the house, the child died.

1Kgs 15:21

21When Baasha heard of it, he stopped building Ramah and lived in Tirzah.

1Kgs 15:33

Second Dynasty: Baasha Reigns over Israel
33In the third year of King Asa of Judah, Baasha son of Ahijah began to reign over all Israel at Tirzah; he reigned tw ... View more

1Kgs 16:6

6Baasha slept with his ancestors, and was buried at Tirzah; and his son Elah succeeded him.

1Kgs 16:8-9

Elah Reigns over Israel
8In the twenty-sixth year of King Asa of Judah, Elah son of Baasha began to reign over Israel in Tirzah; he reigned two years.9But his s ... View more

1Kgs 16:15-23

Third Dynasty: Zimri Reigns over Israel
15In the twenty-seventh year of King Asa of Judah, Zimri reigned seven days in Tirzah. Now the troops were encamped agai ... View more

2Kgs 15:14

14Then Menahem son of Gadi came up from Tirzah and came to Samaria; he struck down Shallum son of Jabesh in Samaria and killed him; he reigned in place of him.

2Kgs 15:16

16At that time Menahem sacked Tiphsah, all who were in it and its territory from Tirzah on; because they did not open it to him, he sacked it. He ripped open al ... View more

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