Tyre (Tir)

The leading city of Phoenicia during much of the first millennium BCE. Tyre is located off the coast of southern Lebanon on a small island that has been connected to the mainland since the construction of a siege ramp to it by Alexander the Great (late fourth century BCE). King Hiram of Tyre supplied David with cedars and craftsmen (2Sam 5:11; 1Chr 14:1; 1Chr 22:4) and assisted Solomon in building the Temple in Jerusalem (1Kgs 7:13-46; 2Chr 2:13-15; 2Chr 4:11-18). His daughter Jezebel married King Ahab, ruler of the Northern Kingdom, leading to an increase of Baal worship in Samaria. Tyre’s close relations with Samaria continued until Jehu put Jezebel to death (2Kgs 9:30-37). The full extent of Tyrian commerce is described in the oracles of the prophets (Ezek 27; Isa 23; Amos 1:9-10; Joel 3:4-8; Zech 9:2-4). The Gospels record that Jesus attracted followers from as far away as Tyre and Sidon (Mark 3:8) and once visited that area (Mark 7:24). A saying of Jesus that used Tyre as an example of a gentile city that will fare better in the last judgment than Palestinian cities that rejected him is also recorded (Matt 11:21-22). According to Acts, Herod (Herod Agrippa I, king of Judea 41–44 CE) was struck dead because of blasphemous speech after winning a victory over Tyre (Acts 12:20-23), and the apostle Paul landed at Tyre on one of his sea voyages (Acts 21:3).

2Sam 5:11

11King Hiram of Tyre sent messengers to David, along with cedar trees, and carpenters and masons who built David a house.

1Chr 14:1

David Established at Jerusalem
1King Hiram of Tyre sent messengers to David, along with cedar logs, and masons and carpenters to build a house for him.

1Chr 22:4

4and cedar logs without number—for the Sidonians and Tyrians brought great quantities of cedar to David.

1Kgs 7:13-46

Products of Hiram the Bronzeworker
13Now King Solomon invited and received Hiram from Tyre.14He was the son of a widow of the tribe of Naphtali, whose father, a ... View more

2Chr 2:13-15

13“I have dispatched Huram-abi, a skilled artisan, endowed with understanding,14the son of one of the Danite women, his father a Tyrian. He is trained to work i ... View more

2Chr 4:11-18

11And Huram made the pots, the shovels, and the basins. Thus Huram finished the work that he did for King Solomon on the house of God:12the two pillars, the bow ... View more

2Kgs 9:30-37

Jezebel's Violent Death
30When Jehu came to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it; she painted her eyes, and adorned her head, and looked out of the window.31As Jehu ent ... View more

Ezek 27

Lamentation over Tyre
1The word of the Lord came to me:2Now you, mortal, raise a lamentation over Tyre,3and say to Tyre, which sits at the entrance to the sea, ... View more

Isa 23

An Oracle concerning Tyre
1The oracle concerning Tyre.

Wail, O ships of Tarshish,
for your fortress is destroyed.
When they came in from Cyprus
they learned of ... View more

Amos 1:9-10

9Thus says the Lord:
For three transgressions of Tyre,
and for four, I will not revoke the punishment;
because they delivered entire communities over to Edom,
a ... View more

Joel 3:4-8

4What are you to me, O Tyre and Sidon, and all the regions of Philistia? Are you paying me back for something? If you are paying me back, I will turn your deeds ... View more

Zech 9:2-4

2Hamath also, which borders on it,
Tyre and Sidon, though they are very wise.3Tyre has built itself a rampart,
and heaped up silver like dust,
and gold like the ... View more

Mark 3:8

8hearing all that he was doing, they came to him in great numbers from Judea, Jerusalem, Idumea, beyond the Jordan, and the region around Tyre and Sidon.

Mark 7:24

The Syrophoenician Woman's Faith
24From there he set out and went away to the region of Tyre. He entered a house and did not want anyone to know he was there. Y ... View more

Matt 11:21-22

21“Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the deeds of power done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sack ... View more

Acts 12:20-23

The Death of Herod
20Now Herod was angry with the people of Tyre and Sidon. So they came to him in a body; and after winning over Blastus, the king's chamberlai ... View more

Acts 21:3

3We came in sight of Cyprus; and leaving it on our left, we sailed to Syria and landed at Tyre, because the ship was to unload its cargo there.

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.