Urim (yoor´im)

And Thummim (thum´im), a device consulted by the chief priest (in an unexplained manner) to determine God’s response to “yes” or “no” questions asked by the leader of the people (Num 27:21; 1Sam 14:41; 1Sam 28:6). It was borne in a pouch worn by the priest, over the heart, on the ephod garment (Exod 28:30). Apparently, the use of the Urim and Thummim is sometimes indicated by the term “ephod” (1Sam 23:9-12; 1Sam 30:7-8), by reference to the Ark of the Covenant (Judg 20:27; 1Sam 14:18), and by the phrase “ask of God” (1Sam 23:2; 1Sam 23:4). The Urim and Thummim may have been superseded by prophetic oracles after the time of David, and by the period of the return of the Babylonian exiles they were just a memory transmuted into an indefinite future (Ezra 2:63; Neh 7:65).

Num 27:21

21But he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall inquire for him by the decision of the Urim before the Lord; at his word they shall go out, and at his ... View more

1Sam 14:41

41Then Saul said, “O Lord God of Israel, why have you not answered your servant today? If this guilt is in me or in my son Jonathan, O Lord God of Israel, give ... View more

1Sam 28:6

6When Saul inquired of the Lord, the Lord did not answer him, not by dreams, or by Urim, or by prophets.

Exod 28:30

30In the breastpiece of judgment you shall put the Urim and the Thummim, and they shall be on Aaron's heart when he goes in before the Lord; thus Aaron shall be ... View more

1Sam 23:9-12

9When David learned that Saul was plotting evil against him, he said to the priest Abiathar, “Bring the ephod here.”10David said, “O Lord, the God of Israel, yo ... View more

1Sam 30:7-8

7David said to the priest Abiathar son of Ahimelech, “Bring me the ephod.” So Abiathar brought the ephod to David.8David inquired of the Lord, “Shall I pursue t ... View more

Judg 20:27

27And the Israelites inquired of the Lord (for the ark of the covenant of God was there in those days,

1Sam 14:18

18Saul said to Ahijah, “Bring the ark of God here.” For at that time the ark of God went with the Israelites.

1Sam 23:2

2David inquired of the Lord, “Shall I go and attack these Philistines?” The Lord said to David, “Go and attack the Philistines and save Keilah.”

1Sam 23:4

4Then David inquired of the Lord again. The Lord answered him, “Yes, go down to Keilah; for I will give the Philistines into your hand.”

Ezra 2:63

63the governor told them that they were not to partake of the most holy food, until there should be a priest to consult Urim and Thummim.

Neh 7:65

65the governor told them that they were not to partake of the most holy food, until a priest with Urim and Thummim should come.

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