In the legal sphere, one who speaks from personal experience about what happened to oneself or another. This may occur at a trial (Deut 17:6; Prov 19:28; Mark 14:63) or a legal transaction (Isa 8:2; Jer 32:10). It is in this legal sense that two or three witnesses are called upon to corroborate a member’s apostasy (Matt 26:60; 2Cor 13:1; Heb 10:28). Bearing false witness is roundly condemned (Exod 20:16; Prov 12:17; Acts 6:13) and can bring severe reprisal (Deut 19:16-21; Prov 21:28). God is frequently called upon as a witness to confirm a person’s or nation’s proper or improper conduct (1Sam 12:15; Rom 1:9; Jer 29:23; Mic 1:2). The term takes on several specialized meanings in the NT, referring to a person present at the ministry, death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus (Luke 24:48; Acts 1:22) or to one who attests to the truth about God (John 8:18; Rev 1:5; Rev 11:3). The “cloud of witnesses” in (Heb 12:1) compares the multitude who have suffered but retained their faith to the great crowd of spectators at a Greco-Roman athletic contest, whose presence spurs the contestants to give their best efforts.

Deut 17:6

6On the evidence of two or three witnesses the death sentence shall be executed; a person must not be put to death on the evidence of only one witness.

Prov 19:28

28A worthless witness mocks at justice,
and the mouth of the wicked devours iniquity.

Mark 14:63

63Then the high priest tore his clothes and said, “Why do we still need witnesses?

Isa 8:2

2and have it attested for me by reliable witnesses, the priest Uriah and Zechariah son of Jeberechiah.

Jer 32:10

10I signed the deed, sealed it, got witnesses, and weighed the money on scales.

Matt 26:60

60but they found none, though many false witnesses came forward. At last two came forward

2Cor 13:1

Further Warning
1This is the third time I am coming to you. “Any charge must be sustained by the evidence of two or three witnesses.”

Heb 10:28

28Anyone who has violated the law of Moses dies without mercy “on the testimony of two or three witnesses.”

Exod 20:16

16You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

Prov 12:17

17Whoever speaks the truth gives honest evidence,
but a false witness speaks deceitfully.

Acts 6:13

13They set up false witnesses who said, “This man never stops saying things against this holy place and the law;

Deut 19:16-21

16If a malicious witness comes forward to accuse someone of wrongdoing,17then both parties to the dispute shall appear before the Lord, before the priests and t ... View more

Prov 21:28

28A false witness will perish,
but a good listener will testify successfully.

1Sam 12:15

15but if you will not heed the voice of the Lord, but rebel against the commandment of the Lord, then the hand of the Lord will be against you and your king.

Rom 1:9

9For God, whom I serve with my spirit by announcing the gospel of his Son, is my witness that without ceasing I remember you always in my prayers,

Jer 29:23

23because they have perpetrated outrage in Israel and have committed adultery with their neighbors' wives, and have spoken in my name lying words that I did not ... View more

Mic 1:2

Judgment Pronounced against Samaria
2Hear, you peoples, all of you;
listen, O earth, and all that is in it;
and let the Lord GOD be a witness against you,
the L ... View more

Luke 24:48

48You are witnesses of these things.

Acts 1:22

22beginning from the baptism of John until the day when he was taken up from us—one of these must become a witness with us to his resurrection.”

John 8:18

18I testify on my own behalf, and the Father who sent me testifies on my behalf.”

Rev 1:5

5and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth.
To him who loves us and freed us from our sins ... View more

Rev 11:3

3And I will grant my two witnesses authority to prophesy for one thousand two hundred sixty days, wearing sackcloth.”

Heb 12:1

The Example of Jesus
1Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight and the sin that clings so closely ... View more

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