To vie with someone. Jacob physically wrestled with a messenger of God during the night and emerged triumphant but injured (Gen 32:24; Gen 32:25; Hos 12:5). The idea was not restricted to physical conflict; see, e.g., Rachel’s struggle with Leah (Gen 30:8) and the statement that Christians wrestle against celestial spiritual forces (Eph 6:12).

Opposite: Stairway excavated at Tell es-Sa’idiyeh, a proposed site of biblical Zarethan. The stairway was probably roofed and led from the city on top to a water source at the bottom.

Gen 32:24

24Jacob was left alone; and a man wrestled with him until daybreak.

Gen 32:25

25When the man saw that he did not prevail against Jacob, he struck him on the hip socket; and Jacob's hip was put out of joint as he wrestled with him.

Hos 12:5

5The Lord the God of hosts,
the Lord is his name!

Gen 30:8

8Then Rachel said, “With mighty wrestlings I have wrestled with my sister, and have prevailed”; so she named him Naphtali.

Eph 6:12

12For our struggle is not against enemies of blood and flesh, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers of this present darknes ... View more

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