Zion (Zi´uhn)

A name that refers to different aspects of the city of Jerusalem as well as to “the mountain of Samaria.” According to (2Sam 5:6-10), when David and his men took Jerusalem from the Jebusites, “David took the stronghold of Zion, which is now the city of David.” Here, the reference seems to be to a pre-Israelite fortress just south of the current Temple Mount complex. Although this city or fortress can be called Zion, the Temple Mount area immediately to the north, which was first constructed under Solomon’s reign, also ends up bearing that name (Ps 2:6; Ps 46:4; Ps 78:68-69). But in ()Amos 6:1), Zion occurs in a phrase in which it is parallel to “Mount Samaria.” In any case, the image of Zion is employed as a metaphor for security and protection (Ps 125). The NT continues this imagery using the term “heavenly Jerusalem” or “Zion” metaphorically in reference to the church (Heb 12:22), the gospel message (1Pet 2:6), and the place of God’s dwelling (Rev 14:1).

2Sam 5:6-10

Jerusalem Made Capital of the United Kingdom
6The king and his men marched to Jerusalem against the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, who said to David, “ ... View more

Ps 2:6

6“I have set my king on Zion, my holy hill.”

Ps 46:4

4There is a river whose streams make glad the city of God,
the holy habitation of the Most High.

Ps 78:68-69

68but he chose the tribe of Judah,
Mount Zion, which he loves.69He built his sanctuary like the high heavens,
like the earth, which he has founded forever.

)Amos 6:1

Complacent Self-Indulgence Will Be Punished
1Alas for those who are at ease in Zion,
and for those who feel secure on Mount Samaria,
the notables of the first o ... View more

Ps 125

The Security of God's People
A Song of Ascents.
1Those who trust in the Lord are like Mount Zion,
which cannot be moved, but abides forever.2As the mountains su ... View more

Heb 12:22

22But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering,

1Pet 2:6

6For it stands in scripture:
“See, I am laying in Zion a stone,
a cornerstone chosen and precious;
and whoever believes in him will not be put to shame.”

Rev 14:1

The Lamb and the 144,000
1Then I looked, and there was the Lamb, standing on Mount Zion! And with him were one hundred forty-four thousand who had his name and ... View more

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