Search here for specific or technical terms not defined in the HarperCollins Bible Dictionary.

Glossary Items starting with 'B'

  • b.Megillah

    a tractate of the Babylonian Talmud

  • Baal

    The supreme male divinity of Mesopotamia and Canaan.

  • Baal-Seth

    Merged Levantine-Egyptian storm gods

  • Baal Shamem

    "Master of Heaven": a major deity in Phoenicia and Syria in the first-millennium BCE.

  • Babylonia

    Ancient lower Mesopotamia, which for much of the second and first millenniums was the under the control of an empire centered in Babylon.

  • Babylonian

    Of or relating to ancient lower Mesopotamia and its empire centered in Babylon.

  • Babylonian exile

    The period between 586 and 539 B.C.E., when the leaders and elite of Judea were exiled to Babylon. The exile ended when Cyrus of Persia defeated Babylon and allowed the Judeans to return home.

  • Babylonian Talmud

    A large collection of originally oral Jewish teachings, gathered in Mesopotamia in the 3rd-5th centuries CE, that were central to the development of modern Judaism.

  • Babylonian Theodicy

    A Mesopotamian poem that deals with the question of human suffering, similar to the Biblical book of Job.

  • Babylonians

    Residents of the ancient Mesopotamian city of Babylon, also used to refer to the population of the larger geographical designation of lower Mesopotamia.

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