Behemoth and Leviathan

William Blake, Behemoth and Leviathan, Book of Job 15, Pen and black ink, gray wash, and watercolor. 1805, Morgan Library & Museum, New York.

A poet, painter, and printmaker, Blake had an keen interest in theology and philosophy and was fascinated by the story of Job. In this image God directs Job’s attention to the chaos monsters Behemoth and Leviathan. Both monsters have been contained but not destroyed suggesting that chaos lies at the foundation of creation and hold the key to change and growth.


Absence of order. In the ancient Near East, chaos was believed to precede and surround the order of the known world.

Writing, speech, or thought about the nature and behavior of God.

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.