Capernaum Byzantine Church

Byzantine Octagonal Church, fifth century C.E., Capernaum, Galilee. Photograph by Todd Bolen.

For much of his adult life Jesus lived in the small fishing village of Capernaum. The Bible suggests that Jesus resided in Peter’s house (Matt 8:14-16). In 1968 archaeologists uncovered beneath the foundations of an octagonal fifth-century Byzantine ‘martyrium’ church a simple first-century C.E. home that may have been the house of Peter. While the evidence that this was Peter’s house is not conclusive, Peter has been associated with this spot since at least mid-first century C.E. In 1990, the Franciscan order built a glass-floored hexagonal church on top of the site.


Relating to the Byzantine empire, which ruled the Eastern Mediterranean from the fifth century CE to 1453; its capital was Byzantium (modern Istanbul).

Matt 8:14-16

Jesus Heals Many at Peter's House
14When Jesus entered Peter's house, he saw his mother-in-law lying in bed with a fever;15he touched her hand, and the fever le ... View more

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.