The biconical mound of Colossae viewed from the necropolis and looking to Mount Cadmus, with the modern-day town of Honaz at its foot. Photograph by Alan H. Cadwallader .

Although Colossae gained a small number of notices by ancient authors (Xenophon, Herodotus, Strabo, Pliny the Elder, Polyaenus, Diodotus Siculus), its acclaim comes from two letters in the Second Testament, Paul’s brief Letter to Philemon and the Pauline Letter to the Colossians.


A large cemetery belonging to an ancient city.

A first-century C.E. Roman soldier, lawyer, and writer who pursued a philosophy of nature and the physical world.

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