Capture of Jerusalem

Marc Chagall, Capture of Jerusalem, 1956. Lithograph, Musée national Marc Chagall, Nice.

The Capture of Jerusalem is part of Chagall’s third series of etchings commissioned the publisher Ambroise Vollard. Started in the 1930’s, the project was interrupted by the chaos of World War II. Chagall etched the first 66 copper plates during Hitler's rise to power, then fled France. Capture of Jerusalem captures the horror of the destruction of the Jerusalem and the deportation the Jews to Babylon in 586/587 BCE by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II. The destruction of the temple and the deportation were seen as fulfillments of Jeremiah's prophecy.


Of or relating to ancient lower Mesopotamia and its empire centered in Babylon.

Absence of order. In the ancient Near East, chaos was believed to precede and surround the order of the known world.

An inspired message related by a prophet; also, the process whereby a prophet relates inspired messages to others.

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