El Mac, Retna, and Augustine Kofie. Justice, 2010.

A pop-up event is a temporary show of artworks—visual, musical, or performance—that highlight a particular issue. The Manifest Equality pop-up event focused on civil rights issues surrounding California’s Proposition 8, which prohibited marriage between same-sex partners in the state. In this mural by street artists El Mac, Retna, and Kofie, a blindfolded woman holding scales and a sword evokes ancient Greek and Roman images of the goddess of justice. The artists created the 20x100-foot mural in a single week in March 2010. It was painted over in beige three weeks after its completion.


The artistic and sometimes symbolic public communication of social, political, or religious events, more common in oral cultures.

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