Ishtar Gate Lion

Ishtar Gate Section, circa 575 BCE, glazed brick, Pergamon Museum, Berlin.

The Ishtar Gate was the eighth gate to the inner city of Babylon. The polychrome relief tiles of the processional way were excavated in the 1930s. The lion is the symbol of Babylon, and represents Ishtar, the goddess of fertility, love, and war. The lion and the bull were especially prominent in the art of the ancient Near East as images expressing the power of rulers.  Over 100 lions were created in polychromed relief tiles for the processional way towards the northern entrance to Babylon, the Gate of Ishtar, as well as Nebuchadnezzar's Throne Room. 


A region notable for its early ancient civilizations, geographically encompassing the modern Middle East, Egypt, and modern Turkey.

Dug up, often from an archaeological site.

ability to bear offspring

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.