Miriam with the daughters of Israel

The Sarajevo Haggadah, Miriam with the daughters of Israel, f. 28r, 1350 pigment on calfskin, National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo.

The Sarajevo Haggadah is an illuminated manuscript made in Barcelona around 1350. It is one of the oldest Sephardic Haggadahs in the world. It contains thirty-four pages of illustrations depicting the biblical narrative of the creation of the world through the death of Moses and would have been made for a personal library. The Sarajevo Haggadah was probably taken out of Spain by a Jewish family fleeing the Edict of Expulsion in 1492. It traveled through Italy where it picked up notations made in 1609.

A haggadah is a religious service book used during a Passover seder. During Passover, a week-long Jewish holiday that celebrates and recounts the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, families and friends gather in homes for ceremonial dinners called seders. Participants recite the text within the haggadah throughout the seder. The text includes the story of Exodus, blessings, symbolic explanations of parts of the meal, and songs.


an official command

migration of the ancient Israelites from Egypt into Canaan

A written, spoken, or recorded story.

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