Käthe Kollwitz, The Mothers from her graphic series War. Woodcut print, 1923, MOMA, New York.
In 1867 Käthe Kollwitz was born into a time of war and revolution. A socialist all her life, she celebrated the spirit of sacrifice when associated with social revolution and only later in life became a committed pacifist. She established herself in the male art world by developing an aesthetic vision centered on women and working class people. Her print series often depict violent and tragic struggles against social oppression but focus on the suffering of the common people and the ambivalent conclusions of armed struggle.