El Deir, first century BCE, Petra, Jordan.

Petra is a site in southern Jordan that has been occupied since prehistoric times. In the fourth century BCE the Nabataean’s established Petra as a major regional trading center. The elaborate tomb and temple architecture of the city is half-built, half-carved into the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah valley. A vast network of cisterns and reservoirs controlled and conserved seasonal rains and allowed extensive settlement of an essentially arid area. In 106 CE the area was annexed into the Roman Empire.
El Deir, Petra's largest monument, dates from the first century BCE. An inscription dedicates it to the Obodas I who was king of the Nabataeans from 96 BCE to 85 BCE. 



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