Philippi Ruins

Ruins of Philippi and Krinides, Filippoi, Greece. Photograph by Janet Oakes.

Viewed from the city’s acropolis, the ruins of Philippi are also the site of the ancient city of Krinides that was later named Philippi, after Philip II of Macedon (356 B.C.E.). Today, the city is known as Filippoi. In the ancient world, the city was a strategic site for controlling neighboring gold mines and for establishing control over a royal passage between Amphipolis and Neapolis, an important east-to-west route. During the Roman era, Philippi was the site of the Battle of Philippi between Marc Antony and Octavian against the assassins of Caesar: Marcus Junius Brutus and Cassius. According to the New Testament, the apostle Paul (Acts 16:9-10) preached on European soil for the first time at Philippi.

An overview of the site of Philippi, seen from the town’s acropolis.

Title designating an emperor of the Roman Empire.

A collection of first-century Jewish and early Christian writings that, along with the Old Testament, makes up the Christian Bible.

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