Phoenician Anthropoid Sarcophagus

Phoenician Anthropoid Sarcophagus (detail), 350–325 BCE, marble, Louvre, Paris.

This Phoenician anthropoid sarcophagus was unearthed near Sidon, Lebanon. Many sarcophagi of the same type have been found from the Levantine coast to southern Spain, reflecting the very wide distribution of Phoenician culture across the Mediterranean. During this time Phoenicia acted as a melting pot for influences from Greece and Egypt. The appearance of the first Phoenician sarcophagi in the early fifth century BCE follows the Persian conquest of Egypt and the looting of the necropolises of Memphis and Saqqara in 525 BCE. The conquering Persian army including Phoenicians, Ionian Greeks, and Cypriots. Often these marble sarcophagi were quarried and rough-cut on the Greek island of Paros and shipped to be finished at their destinations.


Referring to the geographical regions of modern-day Jordan, Israel, Palestine, Syria, and sometimes Iraq.

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