Ramses II

Limestone bas-relief from Memphis, Egypt, 1290–24 BCE; in the Egyptian Museum, Cairo

Rameses II, was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. Here he is standing in profile while holding an ax in his left hand. With his right hand, he is holding three Nubian warriors by the their hair. New Kingdom public art, like political ads of our modern society, were used to bolster the kings image as the protector of the empire, vanquishing the enemy and thus fulfilling his duty to defeat the forces of chaos and preserve ma'at.

The capital of Egypt since 1168 CE, located near the ancient city of Memphis.

Absence of order. In the ancient Near East, chaos was believed to precede and surround the order of the known world.

A sequence of rulers from the same family.

A broad, diverse group of nations ruled by the government of a single nation.

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