Temple of Portunus

Temple of Portunus, first century B.C.E., Rome. Photograph by Eric M. Orlin.

The Temple of Portunus was dedicated to the worship of the Roman deity Portunus, the god of gateways and harbors. It dates back to the first century B.C.E in the late Republican period of Rome. The temple combines aspects typical of Etruscan temple architecture, such as its floor plan, with Greek architectural features such as its Ionic columns. This combination of styles is emblematic of the Roman Republican period. The building was converted to a Christian church in the ninth century B.C.E. This conversion certainly saved the structure from destruction, as it has survived now for more than two thousand years.

Temple of Portunus, first century B.C.E., Rome.

Before the Common Era; a notation used in place of B.C. ("before Christ") for years before the current calendar era.

Changing one's beliefs and self-identity from one religion to another.

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