The Sacrilege of Antiochus

The Sacrilege of Antiochus plate from the Bowyer Bible, Philippe De Loutherbourg, engraved plate, 1815, Bolton Museum, Bolton.

In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries there was a proliferation of religious painting in Britain. At the same time, publishers vied with each other to produce the most elaborate illustrated Bibles. In 1795 publisher Robert Bowyer published a 45 volume Bible with over 6000 engravings, including this de Loutherbourg engraving. The print references 1Macc 1:21-24 and illustrates when Antiochus IV captured Jerusalem in 167 BCE and sacked the temple in Jerusalem.


Ruler of the Seleucid Empire from 175 to 164 BCE, he was emperor during the Maccabean Revolt.

A broad, diverse group of nations ruled by the government of a single nation.

1Macc 1:21-24

21 He arrogantly entered the sanctuary and took the golden altar, the lampstand for the light, and all its utensils. 22 He took also the table for the bread of ... View more

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