Symbols of Sukkot

Holding Lulav and Etrog, 2010, photograph by Dawn Kepler. 

The lulav and etrog were significant symbols of Judaism, depicted in Jewish coins and other objects of the first centuries CE. They are two of the four species of plants that are held together and waved during Sukkot.The lulav is a palm branch, which is joined with myrtle and willow branches, and an etrog, a citron fruit. In Lev 23:40 the people are commanded to take the fruit and branches and rejoice but there is no symbolic explanation for the requirement of the four species in the Bible.


Literally "Booths," one of the biblical pilgrimage festivals, celebrated in the fall.

The religion and culture of Jews. It emerged as the descendant of ancient Israelite Religion, and is characterized by monotheism and an adherence to the laws present in the Written Torah (the Bible) and the Oral Torah (Talmudic/Rabbinic tradition).

Lev 23:40

40On the first day you shall take the fruit of majestic trees, branches of palm trees, boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice be ... View more

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