Earliest Mention of Judah

Summary Inscription 7 of Tiglath-Pileser III provides the earliest definitive mention of Judah, in 728 B.C.E. The Hebrew Bible traces the kingdom’s origins from Jacob’s son Judah, through his descendants’ tribe, to David. The British Museum, London.


A West Semitic language, in which most of the Hebrew Bible is written except for parts of Daniel and Ezra. Hebrew is regarded as the spoken language of ancient Israel but is largely replaced by Aramaic in the Persian period.

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