Herodian Temple Plan

Herodian Temple Plan, Jerusalem, circa 19 B.C.E.

Herodian temple plan, Jerusalem, circa 19 B.C.E. Plan by Leen Ritmeyer. Used with permission.

After extensive historical research at the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, archaeological architect Leen Ritmeyer created this plan of the temple as it would have existed around 19 B.C.E. The plan includes the expansion built by Herod the Great, showing the location of the Court of the Gentiles, which according to the Mishnah (Oral Torah) measured 500 by 500 amot (273 by 273 yards). The temple was destroyed by the Romans in 70 C.E., but part of the foundation of the Temple Mount from the Herodian period is still visible at the Western Wall in Jerusalem.

Of or relating to the reign of the family of Herod, which governed Palestine from 55 B.C.E. to the end of the first century C.E.

A collection of rabbinic interpretations of biblical law. The Mishnah records the judgments of a group of rabbis called tannaim (as distinct from the amoraim, whose interpretations of the Mishnah are recorded in the Talmud). According to tradition, the Mishnah was compiled and edited by a rabbi named Judah the Prince around 200 C.E.

According to rabbinic Judaism, the tradition that along with the written Torah ("Law"), Yahweh also gave Moses an entirely oral tradition of law that was passed down verbally through the generations until it was finally recorded in the rabbinic works of the Common Era, most notably in the Mishnah and the Talmud.

The site in Jerusalem of the First and Second Temples, according to the Bible.

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