Coronation of the Virgin

Enguerrand Charonton, The Coronation of the Virgin, 1453-54. Oil on panel, Musée de l'Hospice, Villeneuve-les-Avignon.

The Coronation of the Virgin became a common subject as part of a general increase in devotion to Mary in the Early Gothic period. This version, painted in 1453 is complex and fascinating partly because the artist's contract is one of the most detailed to survive for a medieval European painting. From the contract we can see what decisions were left to the artist and what was required by the client. The painting was commissioned by a local clergyman for the monastery Chartreuse du Val de Bénédiction, Villeneuve-lès-Avignon where it remains to this day. The depiction of Rome and Jerusalem in the panoramic landscape is specified in the contract as the client had been on a pilgrimage that included both cities. He also required that both God and Jesus were identical figures. In the landscape below the client is included kneeling before the crucifixion. Charonton was given seventeen months from the contract date to deliver the painting by September 29, 1454.

Charonton, The Coronation of the Virgin, 1453-54.

Of or relating to the Middle Ages, generally from the fifth century to the fifteenth century C.E. and overlapping somewhat with late antiquity.

a journey, usually with religious significance

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.