Bethlehem is located less than 5 miles from Jerusalem, in the hills of Judah. According to the Hebrew Bible, King David and his family were from this small shepherding village, and according to the Gospels, Jesus was born here. Produced by

A West Semitic language, in which most of the Hebrew Bible is written except for parts of Daniel and Ezra. Hebrew is regarded as the spoken language of ancient Israel but is largely replaced by Aramaic in the Persian period.

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