Villages of Galilee


The region of Galilee includes the Sea of Galilee, a modest lake about 13 miles long and 8 miles wide, and the surrounding areas to the west. The most prominent features of the region besides the Sea of Galilee are its mountains. The lower Galilee is characterized by sprawling valleys, whereas the upper Galilee is characterized by higher elevations. The tallest peak of the upper Galilee, Mount Meron, rises to almost 4,000 feet. Important settlements were concentrated mostly in the lower Galilee, in the mountains and valleys and along the shores of the Sea of Galilee. The Galilee is mentioned as a region in the Hebrew Bible. The prophet Isaiah famously called it “the Galilee of the Gentiles” (Isa 9:1). But the Galilee is most prominent by far in the writings of the New Testament, the Gospels in particular. Much of the life of Jesus recorded in the Gospels takes place in and around the Galilee.

During Roman times, the most important Galilean cities were Sepphoris and Tiberias. Although Tiberias was the regional capital built by Herod Antipas, it is only mentioned once in the New Testament, and Sepphoris is not mentioned at all. Produced by

HarperCollins Dictionary

A West Semitic language, in which most of the Hebrew Bible is written except for parts of Daniel and Ezra. Hebrew is regarded as the spoken language of ancient Israel but is largely replaced by Aramaic in the Persian period.

A collection of first-century Jewish and early Christian writings that, along with the Old Testament, makes up the Christian Bible.

Isa 9:1

The Righteous Reign of the Coming King
1 But there will be no gloom for those who were in anguish. In the former time he brought into contempt the land of Zebul ... View more

 NEH Logo
Bible Odyssey has been made possible in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities: Exploring the human endeavor
Any views, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this website, do not necessarily represent those of the National Endowment for the Humanities.