Hazor stood at the crossroads of the major trade routes linking Egypt to Mesopotamia. Goods traveling to and from the Phoenician port of Tyre also crossed through the region. This made Hazor a strategic location in northern Palestine. During the Bronze Age, it became one of the more important fortified cities in the region. In fact, the book of Joshua describes Hazor as the head of all the northern Canaanite cities (Josh 11:10). According to the Bible, the site was one of those destroyed during the Israelite conquest. Excavations of the site have revealed that it was indeed destroyed in the 13th century B.C.E., but the identity of the people responsible is still under debate. Hazor would remain uninhabited until a modest fortified city reappeared some four hundred years later. In the book of Kings, it was Solomon who recognized the strategic advantage of an Israelite presence there. Produced by

The stage of development during which humans used copper or bronze weapons; in the ancient Near East, approx. 3300 to 1200 B.C.E.

Relating to or associated with people living in the territory of the northern kingdom of Israel during the divided monarchy, or more broadly describing the biblical descendants of Jacob.

Another name often used for the area of Israel and Judah, derived from the Latin term for the Roman province of Palaestina; ultimately, the name derives from the name of the Philistine people.

Josh 11:10

10Joshua turned back at that time, and took Hazor, and struck its king down with the sword. Before that time Hazor was the head of all those kingdoms.

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