Jericho is located on the west side of the Jordan Rift Valley, just north of the Dead Sea. It is situated on a fertile plain irrigated by a natural spring, which makes its location highly desirable for settlement in an otherwise arid region that receives less than 10 inches of rain annually. Archaeological excavations of the site have revealed that people settled here as early as 9000 B.C.E. Jericho is mentioned prominently in both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament. The Jericho of the Hebrew Bible is located on the modern-day mound known as Tell es-Sultan. Most references to Jericho in the New Testament refer to the area southwest of Tell es-Sultan that developed around a huge palace complex first built by the Hasmoneans and later rebuilt and expanded by Herod the Great. Produced by

A dynasty that ruled Israel from 140-37 B.C.E.; their origin is recounted in 1 and 2 Maccabees.

A West Semitic language, in which most of the Hebrew Bible is written except for parts of Daniel and Ezra. Hebrew is regarded as the spoken language of ancient Israel but is largely replaced by Aramaic in the Persian period.

The set of Biblical books shared by Jews and Christians. A more neutral alternative to "Old Testament."

The deep valley, with modern Israel and the West Bank on one side and Jordan on the other, through which the Jordan River flows. The valley contains the Dead Sea, the surface of which is the lowest elevation on earth. The Jordan Rift Valley is a continuation of the Great Rift Valley of Africa.

A collection of first-century Jewish and early Christian writings that, along with the Old Testament, makes up the Christian Bible.

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