Paul Defends His Ministry
1I myself, Paul, appeal to you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ—I who am humble when face to face with you, but bold toward you when I am away!—2I ask that when I am present I need not show boldness by daring to oppose those who think we are acting according to human standards.3Indeed, we live as human beings, but we do not wage war according to human standards;4for the weapons of our warfare are not merely human, but they have divine power to destroy strongholds. We destroy arguments5and every proud obstacle raised up against the knowledge of God, and we take every thought captive to obey Christ.6We are ready to punish every disobedience when your obedience is complete.7Look at what is before your eyes. If you are confident that you belong to Christ, remind yourself of this, that just as you belong to Christ, so also do we.8Now, even if I boast a little too much of our authority, which the Lord gave for building you up and not for tearing you down, I will not be ashamed of it.9I do not want to seem as though I am trying to frighten you with my letters.10For they say, “His letters are weighty and strong, but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech contemptible.”11Let such people understand that what we say by letter when absent, we will also do when present.12We do not dare to classify or compare ourselves with some of those who commend themselves. But when they measure themselves by one another, and compare themselves with one another, they do not show good sense.13We, however, will not boast beyond limits, but will keep within the field that God has assigned to us, to reach out even as far as you.14For we were not overstepping our limits when we reached you; we were the first to come all the way to you with the good news of Christ.15We do not boast beyond limits, that is, in the labors of others; but our hope is that, as your faith increases, our sphere of action among you may be greatly enlarged,16so that we may proclaim the good news in lands beyond you, without boasting of work already done in someone else's sphere of action.17“Let the one who boasts, boast in the Lord.”18For it is not those who commend themselves that are approved, but those whom the Lord commends.Chapter 11Paul and the False Apostles
1I wish you would bear with me in a little foolishness. Do bear with me!2I feel a divine jealousy for you, for I promised you in marriage to one husband, to present you as a chaste virgin to Christ.3But I am afraid that as the serpent deceived Eve by its cunning, your thoughts will be led astray from a sincere and pure devotion to Christ.4For if someone comes and proclaims another Jesus than the one we proclaimed, or if you receive a different spirit from the one you received, or a different gospel from the one you accepted, you submit to it readily enough.5I think that I am not in the least inferior to these super-apostles.6I may be untrained in speech, but not in knowledge; certainly in every way and in all things we have made this evident to you.7Did I commit a sin by humbling myself so that you might be exalted, because I proclaimed God's good news to you free of charge?8I robbed other churches by accepting support from them in order to serve you.9And when I was with you and was in need, I did not burden anyone, for my needs were supplied by the friends who came from Macedonia. So I refrained and will continue to refrain from burdening you in any way.10As the truth of Christ is in me, this boast of mine will not be silenced in the regions of Achaia.11And why? Because I do not love you? God knows I do!12And what I do I will also continue to do, in order to deny an opportunity to those who want an opportunity to be recognized as our equals in what they boast about.13For such boasters are false apostles, deceitful workers, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ.14And no wonder! Even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light.15So it is not strange if his ministers also disguise themselves as ministers of righteousness. Their end will match their deeds.Paul's Sufferings as an Apostle
16I repeat, let no one think that I am a fool; but if you do, then accept me as a fool, so that I too may boast a little.17What I am saying in regard to this boastful confidence, I am saying not with the Lord's authority, but as a fool;18since many boast according to human standards, I will also boast.19For you gladly put up with fools, being wise yourselves!20For you put up with it when someone makes slaves of you, or preys upon you, or takes advantage of you, or puts on airs, or gives you a slap in the face.21To my shame, I must say, we were too weak for that!
But whatever anyone dares to boast of—I am speaking as a fool—I also dare to boast of that.22Are they Hebrews? So am I. Are they Israelites? So am I. Are they descendants of Abraham? So am I.23Are they ministers of Christ? I am talking like a madman—I am a better one: with far greater labors, far more imprisonments, with countless floggings, and often near death.24Five times I have received from the Jews the forty lashes minus one.25Three times I was beaten with rods. Once I received a stoning. Three times I was shipwrecked; for a night and a day I was adrift at sea;26on frequent journeys, in danger from rivers, danger from bandits, danger from my own people, danger from Gentiles, danger in the city, danger in the wilderness, danger at sea, danger from false brothers and sisters;27in toil and hardship, through many a sleepless night, hungry and thirsty, often without food, cold and naked.28And, besides other things, I am under daily pressure because of my anxiety for all the churches.29Who is weak, and I am not weak? Who is made to stumble, and I am not indignant?30If I must boast, I will boast of the things that show my weakness.31The God and Father of the Lord Jesus (blessed be he forever!) knows that I do not lie.32In Damascus, the governor under King Aretas guarded the city of Damascus in order to seize me,33but I was let down in a basket through a window in the wall, and escaped from his hands.Chapter 12Paul's Visions and Revelations
1It is necessary to boast; nothing is to be gained by it, but I will go on to visions and revelations of the Lord.2I know a person in Christ who fourteen years ago was caught up to the third heaven—whether in the body or out of the body I do not know; God knows.3And I know that such a person—whether in the body or out of the body I do not know; God knows—4was caught up into Paradise and heard things that are not to be told, that no mortal is permitted to repeat.5On behalf of such a one I will boast, but on my own behalf I will not boast, except of my weaknesses.6But if I wish to boast, I will not be a fool, for I will be speaking the truth. But I refrain from it, so that no one may think better of me than what is seen in me or heard from me,7even considering the exceptional character of the revelations. Therefore, to keep me from being too elated, a thorn was given me in the flesh, a messenger of Satan to torment me, to keep me from being too elated.8Three times I appealed to the Lord about this, that it would leave me,9but he said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for power is made perfect in weakness.” So, I will boast all the more gladly of my weaknesses, so that the power of Christ may dwell in me.10Therefore I am content with weaknesses, insults, hardships, persecutions, and calamities for the sake of Christ; for whenever I am weak, then I am strong.Paul's Concern for the Corinthian Church
11I have been a fool! You forced me to it. Indeed you should have been the ones commending me, for I am not at all inferior to these super-apostles, even though I am nothing.12The signs of a true apostle were performed among you with utmost patience, signs and wonders and mighty works.13How have you been worse off than the other churches, except that I myself did not burden you? Forgive me this wrong!14Here I am, ready to come to you this third time. And I will not be a burden, because I do not want what is yours but you; for children ought not to lay up for their parents, but parents for their children.15I will most gladly spend and be spent for you. If I love you more, am I to be loved less?16Let it be assumed that I did not burden you. Nevertheless (you say) since I was crafty, I took you in by deceit.17Did I take advantage of you through any of those whom I sent to you?18I urged Titus to go, and sent the brother with him. Titus did not take advantage of you, did he? Did we not conduct ourselves with the same spirit? Did we not take the same steps?19Have you been thinking all along that we have been defending ourselves before you? We are speaking in Christ before God. Everything we do, beloved, is for the sake of building you up.20For I fear that when I come, I may find you not as I wish, and that you may find me not as you wish; I fear that there may perhaps be quarreling, jealousy, anger, selfishness, slander, gossip, conceit, and disorder.21I fear that when I come again, my God may humble me before you, and that I may have to mourn over many who previously sinned and have not repented of the impurity, sexual immorality, and licentiousness that they have practiced.Chapter 13Further Warning
1This is the third time I am coming to you. “Any charge must be sustained by the evidence of two or three witnesses.”2I warned those who sinned previously and all the others, and I warn them now while absent, as I did when present on my second visit, that if I come again, I will not be lenient—3since you desire proof that Christ is speaking in me. He is not weak in dealing with you, but is powerful in you.4For he was crucified in weakness, but lives by the power of God. For we are weak in him, but in dealing with you we will live with him by the power of God.5Examine yourselves to see whether you are living in the faith. Test yourselves. Do you not realize that Jesus Christ is in you?—unless, indeed, you fail to meet the test!6I hope you will find out that we have not failed.7But we pray to God that you may not do anything wrong—not that we may appear to have met the test, but that you may do what is right, though we may seem to have failed.8For we cannot do anything against the truth, but only for the truth.9For we rejoice when we are weak and you are strong. This is what we pray for, that you may become perfect.10So I write these things while I am away from you, so that when I come, I may not have to be severe in using the authority that the Lord has given me for building up and not for tearing down.Final Greetings and Benediction
11Finally, brothers and sisters, farewell. Put things in order, listen to my appeal, agree with one another, live in peace; and the God of love and peace will be with you.12Greet one another with a holy kiss. All the saints greet you.13The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with all of you.