Events at Horeb Recalled
1These are the words that Moses spoke to all Israel beyond the Jordan—in the wilderness, on the plain opposite Suph, between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Di-zahab.2(By the way of Mount Seir it takes eleven days to reach Kadesh-barnea from Horeb.)3In the fortieth year, on the first day of the eleventh month, Moses spoke to the Israelites just as the Lord had commanded him to speak to them.4This was after he had defeated King Sihon of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon, and King Og of Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei.5Beyond the Jordan in the land of Moab, Moses undertook to expound this law as follows:6The Lord our God spoke to us at Horeb, saying, “You have stayed long enough at this mountain.7Resume your journey, and go into the hill country of the Amorites as well as into the neighboring regions—the Arabah, the hill country, the Shephelah, the Negeb, and the seacoast—the land of the Canaanites and the Lebanon, as far as the great river, the river Euphrates.8See, I have set the land before you; go in and take possession of the land that I swore to your ancestors, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give to them and to their descendants after them.”Appointment of Tribal Leaders
9At that time I said to you, “I am unable by myself to bear you.10The Lord your God has multiplied you, so that today you are as numerous as the stars of heaven.11May the Lord, the God of your ancestors, increase you a thousand times more and bless you, as he has promised you!12But how can I bear the heavy burden of your disputes all by myself?13Choose for each of your tribes individuals who are wise, discerning, and reputable to be your leaders.”14You answered me, “The plan you have proposed is a good one.”15So I took the leaders of your tribes, wise and reputable individuals, and installed them as leaders over you, commanders of thousands, commanders of hundreds, commanders of fifties, commanders of tens, and officials, throughout your tribes.16I charged your judges at that time: “Give the members of your community a fair hearing, and judge rightly between one person and another, whether citizen or resident alien.17You must not be partial in judging: hear out the small and the great alike; you shall not be intimidated by anyone, for the judgment is God's. Any case that is too hard for you, bring to me, and I will hear it.”18So I charged you at that time with all the things that you should do.Israel's Refusal to Enter the Land
19Then, just as the Lord our God had ordered us, we set out from Horeb and went through all that great and terrible wilderness that you saw, on the way to the hill country of the Amorites, until we reached Kadesh-barnea.20I said to you, “You have reached the hill country of the Amorites, which the Lord our God is giving us.21See, the Lord your God has given the land to you; go up, take possession, as the Lord, the God of your ancestors, has promised you; do not fear or be dismayed.”22All of you came to me and said, “Let us send men ahead of us to explore the land for us and bring back a report to us regarding the route by which we should go up and the cities we will come to.”23The plan seemed good to me, and I selected twelve of you, one from each tribe.24They set out and went up into the hill country, and when they reached the Valley of Eshcol they spied it out25and gathered some of the land's produce, which they brought down to us. They brought back a report to us, and said, “It is a good land that the Lord our God is giving us.”26But you were unwilling to go up. You rebelled against the command of the Lord your God;27you grumbled in your tents and said, “It is because the Lord hates us that he has brought us out of the land of Egypt, to hand us over to the Amorites to destroy us.28Where are we headed? Our kindred have made our hearts melt by reporting, ‘The people are stronger and taller than we; the cities are large and fortified up to heaven! We actually saw there the offspring of the Anakim!’ ”29I said to you, “Have no dread or fear of them.30The Lord your God, who goes before you, is the one who will fight for you, just as he did for you in Egypt before your very eyes,31and in the wilderness, where you saw how the Lord your God carried you, just as one carries a child, all the way that you traveled until you reached this place.32But in spite of this, you have no trust in the Lord your God,33who goes before you on the way to seek out a place for you to camp, in fire by night, and in the cloud by day, to show you the route you should take.”The Penalty for Israel's Rebellion
34When the Lord heard your words, he was wrathful and swore:35“Not one of these—not one of this evil generation—shall see the good land that I swore to give to your ancestors,36except Caleb son of Jephunneh. He shall see it, and to him and to his descendants I will give the land on which he set foot, because of his complete fidelity to the Lord.”37Even with me the Lord was angry on your account, saying, “You also shall not enter there.38Joshua son of Nun, your assistant, shall enter there; encourage him, for he is the one who will secure Israel's possession of it.39And as for your little ones, who you thought would become booty, your children, who today do not yet know right from wrong, they shall enter there; to them I will give it, and they shall take possession of it.40But as for you, journey back into the wilderness, in the direction of the Red Sea.”41You answered me, “We have sinned against the Lord! We are ready to go up and fight, just as the Lord our God commanded us.” So all of you strapped on your battle gear, and thought it easy to go up into the hill country.42The Lord said to me, “Say to them, ‘Do not go up and do not fight, for I am not in the midst of you; otherwise you will be defeated by your enemies.’ ”43Although I told you, you would not listen. You rebelled against the command of the Lord and presumptuously went up into the hill country.44The Amorites who lived in that hill country then came out against you and chased you as bees do. They beat you down in Seir as far as Hormah.45When you returned and wept before the Lord, the Lord would neither heed your voice nor pay you any attention.The Desert Years
46After you had stayed at Kadesh as many days as you did,Chapter 21we journeyed back into the wilderness, in the direction of the Red Sea, as the Lord had told me and skirted Mount Seir for many days.2Then the Lord said to me:3“You have been skirting this hill country long enough. Head north,4and charge the people as follows: You are about to pass through the territory of your kindred, the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir. They will be afraid of you, so, be very careful5not to engage in battle with them, for I will not give you even so much as a foot's length of their land, since I have given Mount Seir to Esau as a possession.6You shall purchase food from them for money, so that you may eat; and you shall also buy water from them for money, so that you may drink.7Surely the Lord your God has blessed you in all your undertakings; he knows your going through this great wilderness. These forty years the Lord your God has been with you; you have lacked nothing.”8So we passed by our kin, the descendants of Esau who live in Seir, leaving behind the route of the Arabah, and leaving behind Elath and Ezion-geber.
When we had headed out along the route of the wilderness of Moab,9the Lord said to me: “Do not harass Moab or engage them in battle, for I will not give you any of its land as a possession, since I have given Ar as a possession to the descendants of Lot.”10(The Emim—a large and numerous people, as tall as the Anakim—had formerly inhabited it.11Like the Anakim, they are usually reckoned as Rephaim, though the Moabites call them Emim.12Moreover, the Horim had formerly inhabited Seir, but the descendants of Esau dispossessed them, destroying them and settling in their place, as Israel has done in the land that the Lord gave them as a possession.)13“Now then, proceed to cross over the Wadi Zered.”
So we crossed over the Wadi Zered.14And the length of time we had traveled from Kadesh-barnea until we crossed the Wadi Zered was thirty-eight years, until the entire generation of warriors had perished from the camp, as the Lord had sworn concerning them.15Indeed, the Lord's own hand was against them, to root them out from the camp, until all had perished.16Just as soon as all the warriors had died off from among the people,17the Lord spoke to me, saying,18“Today you are going to cross the boundary of Moab at Ar.19When you approach the frontier of the Ammonites, do not harass them or engage them in battle, for I will not give the land of the Ammonites to you as a possession, because I have given it to the descendants of Lot.”20(It also is usually reckoned as a land of Rephaim. Rephaim formerly inhabited it, though the Ammonites call them Zamzummim,21a strong and numerous people, as tall as the Anakim. But the Lord destroyed them from before the Ammonites so that they could dispossess them and settle in their place.22He did the same for the descendants of Esau, who live in Seir, by destroying the Horim before them so that they could dispossess them and settle in their place even to this day.23As for the Avvim, who had lived in settlements in the vicinity of Gaza, the Caphtorim, who came from Caphtor, destroyed them and settled in their place.)24“Proceed on your journey and cross the Wadi Arnon. See, I have handed over to you King Sihon the Amorite of Heshbon, and his land. Begin to take possession by engaging him in battle.25This day I will begin to put the dread and fear of you upon the peoples everywhere under heaven; when they hear report of you, they will tremble and be in anguish because of you.”Defeat of King Sihon
26So I sent messengers from the wilderness of Kedemoth to King Sihon of Heshbon with the following terms of peace:27“If you let me pass through your land, I will travel only along the road; I will turn aside neither to the right nor to the left.28You shall sell me food for money, so that I may eat, and supply me water for money, so that I may drink. Only allow me to pass through on foot—29just as the descendants of Esau who live in Seir have done for me and likewise the Moabites who live in Ar—until I cross the Jordan into the land that the Lord our God is giving us.”30But King Sihon of Heshbon was not willing to let us pass through, for the Lord your God had hardened his spirit and made his heart defiant in order to hand him over to you, as he has now done.31The Lord said to me, “See, I have begun to give Sihon and his land over to you. Begin now to take possession of his land.”32So when Sihon came out against us, he and all his people for battle at Jahaz,33the Lord our God gave him over to us; and we struck him down, along with his offspring and all his people.34At that time we captured all his towns, and in each town we utterly destroyed men, women, and children. We left not a single survivor.35Only the livestock we kept as spoil for ourselves, as well as the plunder of the towns that we had captured.36From Aroer on the edge of the Wadi Arnon (including the town that is in the wadi itself) as far as Gilead, there was no citadel too high for us. The Lord our God gave everything to us.37You did not encroach, however, on the land of the Ammonites, avoiding the whole upper region of the Wadi Jabbok as well as the towns of the hill country, just as the Lord our God had charged.Chapter 3Defeat of King Og
1When we headed up the road to Bashan, King Og of Bashan came out against us, he and all his people, for battle at Edrei.2The Lord said to me, “Do not fear him, for I have handed him over to you, along with his people and his land. Do to him as you did to King Sihon of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon.”3So the Lord our God also handed over to us King Og of Bashan and all his people. We struck him down until not a single survivor was left.4At that time we captured all his towns; there was no citadel that we did not take from them—sixty towns, the whole region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan.5All these were fortress towns with high walls, double gates, and bars, besides a great many villages.6And we utterly destroyed them, as we had done to King Sihon of Heshbon, in each city utterly destroying men, women, and children.7But all the livestock and the plunder of the towns we kept as spoil for ourselves.8So at that time we took from the two kings of the Amorites the land beyond the Jordan, from the Wadi Arnon to Mount Hermon9(the Sidonians call Hermon Sirion, while the Amorites call it Senir),10all the towns of the tableland, the whole of Gilead, and all of Bashan, as far as Salecah and Edrei, towns of Og's kingdom in Bashan.11(Now only King Og of Bashan was left of the remnant of the Rephaim. In fact his bed, an iron bed, can still be seen in Rabbah of the Ammonites. By the common cubit it is nine cubits long and four cubits wide.)12As for the land that we took possession of at that time, I gave to the Reubenites and Gadites the territory north of Aroer, that is on the edge of the Wadi Arnon, as well as half the hill country of Gilead with its towns,13and I gave to the half-tribe of Manasseh the rest of Gilead and all of Bashan, Og's kingdom. (The whole region of Argob: all that portion of Bashan used to be called a land of Rephaim;14Jair the Manassite acquired the whole region of Argob as far as the border of the Geshurites and the Maacathites, and he named them—that is, Bashan—after himself, Havvoth-jair, as it is to this day.)15To Machir I gave Gilead.16And to the Reubenites and the Gadites I gave the territory from Gilead as far as the Wadi Arnon, with the middle of the wadi as a boundary, and up to the Jabbok, the wadi being boundary of the Ammonites;17the Arabah also, with the Jordan and its banks, from Chinnereth down to the sea of the Arabah, the Dead Sea, with the lower slopes of Pisgah on the east.18At that time, I charged you as follows: “Although the Lord your God has given you this land to occupy, all your troops shall cross over armed as the vanguard of your Israelite kin.19Only your wives, your children, and your livestock—I know that you have much livestock—shall stay behind in the towns that I have given to you.20When the Lord gives rest to your kindred, as to you, and they too have occupied the land that the Lord your God is giving them beyond the Jordan, then each of you may return to the property that I have given to you.”21And I charged Joshua as well at that time, saying: “Your own eyes have seen everything that the Lord your God has done to these two kings; so the Lord will do to all the kingdoms into which you are about to cross.22Do not fear them, for it is the Lord your God who fights for you.”Moses Views Canaan from Pisgah
23At that time, too, I entreated the Lord, saying:24“O Lord GOD, you have only begun to show your servant your greatness and your might; what god in heaven or on earth can perform deeds and mighty acts like yours!25Let me cross over to see the good land beyond the Jordan, that good hill country and the Lebanon.”26But the Lord was angry with me on your account and would not heed me. The Lord said to me, “Enough from you! Never speak to me of this matter again!27Go up to the top of Pisgah and look around you to the west, to the north, to the south, and to the east. Look well, for you shall not cross over this Jordan.28But charge Joshua, and encourage and strengthen him, because it is he who shall cross over at the head of this people and who shall secure their possession of the land that you will see.”29So we remained in the valley opposite Beth-peor.Chapter 4Moses Commands Obedience
1So now, Israel, give heed to the statutes and ordinances that I am teaching you to observe, so that you may live to enter and occupy the land that the Lord, the God of your ancestors, is giving you.2You must neither add anything to what I command you nor take away anything from it, but keep the commandments of the Lord your God with which I am charging you.3You have seen for yourselves what the Lord did with regard to the Baal of Peor—how the Lord your God destroyed from among you everyone who followed the Baal of Peor,4while those of you who held fast to the Lord your God are all alive today.5See, just as the Lord my God has charged me, I now teach you statutes and ordinances for you to observe in the land that you are about to enter and occupy.6You must observe them diligently, for this will show your wisdom and discernment to the peoples, who, when they hear all these statutes, will say, “Surely this great nation is a wise and discerning people!”7For what other great nation has a god so near to it as the Lord our God is whenever we call to him?8And what other great nation has statutes and ordinances as just as this entire law that I am setting before you today?9But take care and watch yourselves closely, so as neither to forget the things that your eyes have seen nor to let them slip from your mind all the days of your life; make them known to your children and your children's children—10how you once stood before the Lord your God at Horeb, when the Lord said to me, “Assemble the people for me, and I will let them hear my words, so that they may learn to fear me as long as they live on the earth, and may teach their children so”;11you approached and stood at the foot of the mountain while the mountain was blazing up to the very heavens, shrouded in dark clouds.12Then the Lord spoke to you out of the fire. You heard the sound of words but saw no form; there was only a voice.13He declared to you his covenant, which he charged you to observe, that is, the ten commandments; and he wrote them on two stone tablets.14And the Lord charged me at that time to teach you statutes and ordinances for you to observe in the land that you are about to cross into and occupy.15Since you saw no form when the Lord spoke to you at Horeb out of the fire, take care and watch yourselves closely,16so that you do not act corruptly by making an idol for yourselves, in the form of any figure—the likeness of male or female,17the likeness of any animal that is on the earth, the likeness of any winged bird that flies in the air,18the likeness of anything that creeps on the ground, the likeness of any fish that is in the water under the earth.19And when you look up to the heavens and see the sun, the moon, and the stars, all the host of heaven, do not be led astray and bow down to them and serve them, things that the Lord your God has allotted to all the peoples everywhere under heaven.20But the Lord has taken you and brought you out of the iron-smelter, out of Egypt, to become a people of his very own possession, as you are now.21The Lord was angry with me because of you, and he vowed that I should not cross the Jordan and that I should not enter the good land that the Lord your God is giving for your possession.22For I am going to die in this land without crossing over the Jordan, but you are going to cross over to take possession of that good land.23So be careful not to forget the covenant that the Lord your God made with you, and not to make for yourselves an idol in the form of anything that the Lord your God has forbidden you.24For the Lord your God is a devouring fire, a jealous God.25When you have had children and children's children, and become complacent in the land, if you act corruptly by making an idol in the form of anything, thus doing what is evil in the sight of the Lord your God, and provoking him to anger,26I call heaven and earth to witness against you today that you will soon utterly perish from the land that you are crossing the Jordan to occupy; you will not live long on it, but will be utterly destroyed.27The Lord will scatter you among the peoples; only a few of you will be left among the nations where the Lord will lead you.28There you will serve other gods made by human hands, objects of wood and stone that neither see, nor hear, nor eat, nor smell.29From there you will seek the Lord your God, and you will find him if you search after him with all your heart and soul.30In your distress, when all these things have happened to you in time to come, you will return to the Lord your God and heed him.31Because the Lord your God is a merciful God, he will neither abandon you nor destroy you; he will not forget the covenant with your ancestors that he swore to them.32For ask now about former ages, long before your own, ever since the day that God created human beings on the earth; ask from one end of heaven to the other: has anything so great as this ever happened or has its like ever been heard of?33Has any people ever heard the voice of a god speaking out of a fire, as you have heard, and lived?34Or has any god ever attempted to go and take a nation for himself from the midst of another nation, by trials, by signs and wonders, by war, by a mighty hand and an outstretched arm, and by terrifying displays of power, as the Lord your God did for you in Egypt before your very eyes?35To you it was shown so that you would acknowledge that the Lord is God; there is no other besides him.36From heaven he made you hear his voice to discipline you. On earth he showed you his great fire, while you heard his words coming out of the fire.37And because he loved your ancestors, he chose their descendants after them. He brought you out of Egypt with his own presence, by his great power,38driving out before you nations greater and mightier than yourselves, to bring you in, giving you their land for a possession, as it is still today.39So acknowledge today and take to heart that the Lord is God in heaven above and on the earth beneath; there is no other.40Keep his statutes and his commandments, which I am commanding you today for your own well-being and that of your descendants after you, so that you may long remain in the land that the Lord your God is giving you for all time.Cities of Refuge East of the Jordan
41Then Moses set apart on the east side of the Jordan three cities42to which a homicide could flee, someone who unintentionally kills another person, the two not having been at enmity before; the homicide could flee to one of these cities and live:43Bezer in the wilderness on the tableland belonging to the Reubenites, Ramoth in Gilead belonging to the Gadites, and Golan in Bashan belonging to the Manassites.
Transition to the Second Address
44This is the law that Moses set before the Israelites.45These are the decrees and the statutes and ordinances that Moses spoke to the Israelites when they had come out of Egypt,46beyond the Jordan in the valley opposite Beth-peor, in the land of King Sihon of the Amorites, who reigned at Heshbon, whom Moses and the Israelites defeated when they came out of Egypt.47They occupied his land and the land of King Og of Bashan, the two kings of the Amorites on the eastern side of the Jordan:48from Aroer, which is on the edge of the Wadi Arnon, as far as Mount Sirion (that is, Hermon),49together with all the Arabah on the east side of the Jordan as far as the Sea of the Arabah, under the slopes of Pisgah.Chapter 5The Ten Commandments
1Moses convened all Israel, and said to them:
Hear, O Israel, the statutes and ordinances that I am addressing to you today; you shall learn them and observe them diligently.2The Lord our God made a covenant with us at Horeb.3Not with our ancestors did the Lord make this covenant, but with us, who are all of us here alive today.4The Lord spoke with you face to face at the mountain, out of the fire.5(At that time I was standing between the Lord and you to declare to you the words! of the Lord; for you were afraid because of the fire and did not go up the mountain.) And he said:6I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery;7you shall have no other gods before me.8You shall not make for yourself an idol, whether in the form of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.9You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the Lord your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and fourth generation of those who reject me,10but showing steadfast love to the thousandth generation of those who love me and keep my commandments.11You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not acquit anyone who misuses his name.12Observe the sabbath day and keep it holy, as the Lord your God commanded you.13Six days you shall labor and do all your work.14But the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God; you shall not do any work—you, or your son or your daughter, or your male or female slave, or your ox or your donkey, or any of your livestock, or the resident alien in your towns, so that your male and female slave may rest as well as you.15Remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out from there with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to keep the sabbath day.16Honor your father and your mother, as the Lord your God commanded you, so that your days may be long and that it may go well with you in the land that the Lord your God is giving you.17You shall not murder.18Neither shall you commit adultery.19Neither shall you steal.20Neither shall you bear false witness against your neighbor.21Neither shall you covet your neighbor's wife.
Neither shall you desire your neighbor's house, or field, or male or female slave, or ox, or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.Moses the Mediator of God's Will
22These words the Lord spoke with a loud voice to your whole assembly at the mountain, out of the fire, the cloud, and the thick darkness, and he added no more. He wrote them on two stone tablets, and gave them to me.23When you heard the voice out of the darkness, while the mountain was burning with fire, you approached me, all the heads of your tribes and your elders;24and you said, “Look, the Lord our God has shown us his glory and greatness, and we have heard his voice out of the fire. Today we have seen that God may speak to someone and the person may still live.25So now why should we die? For this great fire will consume us; if we hear the voice of the Lord our God any longer, we shall die.26For who is there of all flesh that has heard the voice of the living God speaking out of fire, as we have, and remained alive?27Go near, you yourself, and hear all that the Lord our God will say. Then tell us everything that the Lord our God tells you, and we will listen and do it.”28The Lord heard your words when you spoke to me, and the Lord said to me: “I have heard the words of this people, which they have spoken to you; they are right in all that they have spoken.29If only they had such a mind as this, to fear me and to keep all my commandments always, so that it might go well with them and with their children forever!30Go say to them, ‘Return to your tents.’31But you, stand here by me, and I will tell you all the commandments, the statutes and the ordinances, that you shall teach them, so that they may do them in the land that I am giving them to possess.”32You must therefore be careful to do as the Lord your God has commanded you; you shall not turn to the right or to the left.33You must follow exactly the path that the Lord your God has commanded you, so that you may live, and that it may go well with you, and that you may live long in the land that you are to possess.Chapter 6The Great Commandment
1Now this is the commandment—the statutes and the ordinances—that the Lord your God charged me to teach you to observe in the land that you are about to cross into and occupy,2so that you and your children and your children's children may fear the Lord your God all the days of your life, and keep all his decrees and his commandments that I am commanding you, so that your days may be long.3Hear therefore, O Israel, and observe them diligently, so that it may go well with you, and so that you may multiply greatly in a land flowing with milk and honey, as the Lord, the God of your ancestors, has promised you.4Hear, O Israel: The Lord is our God, the Lord alone.5You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might.6Keep these words that I am commanding you today in your heart.7Recite them to your children and talk about them when you are at home and when you are away, when you lie down and when you rise.8Bind them as a sign on your hand, fix them as an emblem on your forehead,9and write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.Caution against Disobedience
10When the Lord your God has brought you into the land that he swore to your ancestors, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give you—a land with fine, large cities that you did not build,11houses filled with all sorts of goods that you did not fill, hewn cisterns that you did not hew, vineyards and olive groves that you did not plant—and when you have eaten your fill,12take care that you do not forget the Lord, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.13The Lord your God you shall fear; him you shall serve, and by his name alone you shall swear.14Do not follow other gods, any of the gods of the peoples who are all around you,15because the Lord your God, who is present with you, is a jealous God. The anger of the Lord your God would be kindled against you and he would destroy you from the face of the earth.16Do not put the Lord your God to the test, as you tested him at Massah.17You must diligently keep the commandments of the Lord your God, and his decrees, and his statutes that he has commanded you.18Do what is right and good in the sight of the Lord, so that it may go well with you, and so that you may go in and occupy the good land that the Lord swore to your ancestors to give you,19thrusting out all your enemies from before you, as the Lord has promised.20When your children ask you in time to come, “What is the meaning of the decrees and the statutes and the ordinances that the Lord our God has commanded you?”21then you shall say to your children, “We were Pharaoh's slaves in Egypt, but the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand.22The Lord displayed before our eyes great and awesome signs and wonders against Egypt, against Pharaoh and all his household.23He brought us out from there in order to bring us in, to give us the land that he promised on oath to our ancestors.24Then the Lord commanded us to observe all these statutes, to fear the Lord our God, for our lasting good, so as to keep us alive, as is now the case.25If we diligently observe this entire commandment before the Lord our God, as he has commanded us, we will be in the right.”Chapter 7A Chosen People
1When the Lord your God brings you into the land that you are about to enter and occupy, and he clears away many nations before you—the Hittites, the Girgashites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations mightier and more numerous than you—2and when the Lord your God gives them over to you and you defeat them, then you must utterly destroy them. Make no covenant with them and show them no mercy.3Do not intermarry with them, giving your daughters to their sons or taking their daughters for your sons,4for that would turn away your children from following me, to serve other gods. Then the anger of the Lord would be kindled against you, and he would destroy you quickly.5But this is how you must deal with them: break down their altars, smash their pillars, hew down their sacred poles, and burn their idols with fire.6For you are a people holy to the Lord your God; the Lord your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on earth to be his people, his treasured possession.7It was not because you were more numerous than any other people that the Lord set his heart on you and chose you—for you were the fewest of all peoples.8It was because the Lord loved you and kept the oath that he swore to your ancestors, that the Lord has brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you from the house of slavery, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.9Know therefore that the Lord your God is God, the faithful God who maintains covenant loyalty with those who love him and keep his commandments, to a thousand generations,10and who repays in their own person those who reject him. He does not delay but repays in their own person those who reject him.11Therefore, observe diligently the commandment—the statutes, and the ordinances—that I am commanding you today.Blessings for Obedience
12If you heed these ordinances, by diligently observing them, the Lord your God will maintain with you the covenant loyalty that he swore to your ancestors;13he will love you, bless you, and multiply you; he will bless the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your ground, your grain and your wine and your oil, the increase of your cattle and the issue of your flock, in the land that he swore to your ancestors to give you.14You shall be the most blessed of peoples, with neither sterility nor barrenness among you or your livestock.15The Lord will turn away from you every illness; all the dread diseases of Egypt that you experienced, he will not inflict on you, but he will lay them on all who hate you.16You shall devour all the peoples that the Lord your God is giving over to you, showing them no pity; you shall not serve their gods, for that would be a snare to you.17If you say to yourself, “These nations are more numerous than I; how can I dispossess them?”18do not be afraid of them. Just remember what the Lord your God did to Pharaoh and to all Egypt,19the great trials that your eyes saw, the signs and wonders, the mighty hand and the outstretched arm by which the Lord your God brought you out. The Lord your God will do the same to all the peoples of whom you are afraid.20Moreover, the Lord your God will send the pestilence against them, until even the survivors and the fugitives are destroyed.21Have no dread of them, for the Lord your God, who is present with you, is a great and awesome God.22The Lord your God will clear away these nations before you little by little; you will not be able to make a quick end of them, otherwise the wild animals would become too numerous for you.23But the Lord your God will give them over to you, and throw them into great panic, until they are destroyed.24He will hand their kings over to you and you shall blot out their name from under heaven; no one will be able to stand against you, until you have destroyed them.25The images of their gods you shall burn with fire. Do not covet the silver or the gold that is on them and take it for yourself, because you could be ensnared by it; for it is abhorrent to the Lord your God.26Do not bring an abhorrent thing into your house, or you will be set apart for destruction like it. You must utterly detest and abhor it, for it is set apart for destruction.Chapter 8A Warning Not to Forget God in Prosperity
1This entire commandment that I command you today you must diligently observe, so that you may live and increase, and go in and occupy the land that the Lord promised on oath to your ancestors.2Remember the long way that the Lord your God has led you these forty years in the wilderness, in order to humble you, testing you to know what was in your heart, whether or not you would keep his commandments.3He humbled you by letting you hunger, then by feeding you with manna, with which neither you nor your ancestors were acquainted, in order to make you understand that one does not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord.4The clothes on your back did not wear out and your feet did not swell these forty years.5Know then in your heart that as a parent disciplines a child so the Lord your God disciplines you.6Therefore keep the commandments of the Lord your God, by walking in his ways and by fearing him.7For the Lord your God is bringing you into a good land, a land with flowing streams, with springs and underground waters welling up in valleys and hills,8a land of wheat and barley, of vines and fig trees and pomegranates, a land of olive trees and honey,9a land where you may eat bread without scarcity, where you will lack nothing, a land whose stones are iron and from whose hills you may mine copper.10You shall eat your fill and bless the Lord your God for the good land that he has given you.11Take care that you do not forget the Lord your God, by failing to keep his commandments, his ordinances, and his statutes, which I am commanding you today.12When you have eaten your fill and have built fine houses and live in them,13and when your herds and flocks have multiplied, and your silver and gold is multiplied, and all that you have is multiplied,14then do not exalt yourself, forgetting the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery,15who led you through the great and terrible wilderness, an arid wasteland with poisonous snakes and scorpions. He made water flow for you from flint rock,16and fed you in the wilderness with manna that your ancestors did not know, to humble you and to test you, and in the end to do you good.17Do not say to yourself, “My power and the might of my own hand have gotten me this wealth.”18But remember the Lord your God, for it is he who gives you power to get wealth, so that he may confirm his covenant that he swore to your ancestors, as he is doing today.19If you do forget the Lord your God and follow other gods to serve and worship them, I solemnly warn you today that you shall surely perish.20Like the nations that the Lord is destroying before you, so shall you perish, because you would not obey the voice of the Lord your God.Chapter 9The Consequences of Rebelling against God
1Hear, O Israel! You are about to cross the Jordan today, to go in and dispossess nations larger and mightier than you, great cities, fortified to the heavens,2a strong and tall people, the offspring of the Anakim, whom you know. You have heard it said of them, “Who can stand up to the Anakim?”3Know then today that the Lord your God is the one who crosses over before you as a devouring fire; he will defeat them and subdue them before you, so that you may dispossess and destroy them quickly, as the Lord has promised you.4When the Lord your God thrusts them out before you, do not say to yourself, “It is because of my righteousness that the Lord has brought me in to occupy this land”; it is rather because of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord is dispossessing them before you.5It is not because of your righteousness or the uprightness of your heart that you are going in to occupy their land; but because of the wickedness of these nations the Lord your God is dispossessing them before you, in order to fulfill the promise that the Lord made on oath to your ancestors, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.6Know, then, that the Lord your God is not giving you this good land to occupy because of your righteousness; for you are a stubborn people.7Remember and do not forget how you provoked the Lord your God to wrath in the wilderness; you have been rebellious against the Lord from the day you came out of the land of Egypt until you came to this place.8Even at Horeb you provoked the Lord to wrath, and the Lord was so angry with you that he was ready to destroy you.9When I went up the mountain to receive the stone tablets, the tablets of the covenant that the Lord made with you, I remained on the mountain forty days and forty nights; I neither ate bread nor drank water.10And the Lord gave me the two stone tablets written with the finger of God; on them were all the words that the Lord had spoken to you at the mountain out of the fire on the day of the assembly.11At the end of forty days and forty nights the Lord gave me the two stone tablets, the tablets of the covenant.12Then the Lord said to me, “Get up, go down quickly from here, for your people whom you have brought from Egypt have acted corruptly. They have been quick to turn from the way that I commanded them; they have cast an image for themselves.”13Furthermore the Lord said to me, “I have seen that this people is indeed a stubborn people.14Let me alone that I may destroy them and blot out their name from under heaven; and I will make of you a nation mightier and more numerous than they.”15So I turned and went down from the mountain, while the mountain was ablaze; the two tablets of the covenant were in my two hands.16Then I saw that you had indeed sinned against the Lord your God, by casting for yourselves an image of a calf; you had been quick to turn from the way that the Lord had commanded you.17So I took hold of the two tablets and flung them from my two hands, smashing them before your eyes.18Then I lay prostrate before the Lord as before, forty days and forty nights; I neither ate bread nor drank water, because of all the sin you had committed, provoking the Lord by doing what was evil in his sight.19For I was afraid that the anger that the Lord bore against you was so fierce that he would destroy you. But the Lord listened to me that time also.20The Lord was so angry with Aaron that he was ready to destroy him, but I interceded also on behalf of Aaron at that same time.21Then I took the sinful thing you had made, the calf, and burned it with fire and crushed it, grinding it thoroughly, until it was reduced to dust; and I threw the dust of it into the stream that runs down the mountain.22At Taberah also, and at Massah, and at Kibroth-hattaavah, you provoked the Lord to wrath.23And when the Lord sent you from Kadesh-barnea, saying, “Go up and occupy the land that I have given you,” you rebelled against the command of the Lord your God, neither trusting him nor obeying him.24You have been rebellious against the Lord as long as he has known you.25Throughout the forty days and forty nights that I lay prostrate before the Lord when the Lord intended to destroy you,26I prayed to the Lord and said, “Lord GOD, do not destroy the people who are your very own possession, whom you redeemed in your greatness, whom you brought out of Egypt with a mighty hand.27Remember your servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; pay no attention to the stubbornness of this people, their wickedness and their sin,28otherwise the land from which you have brought us might say, ‘Because the Lord was not able to bring them into the land that he promised them, and because he hated them, he has brought them out to let them die in the wilderness.’29For they are the people of your very own possession, whom you brought out by your great power and by your outstretched arm.”Chapter 10The Second Pair of Tablets
1At that time the Lord said to me, “Carve out two tablets of stone like the former ones, and come up to me on the mountain, and make an ark of wood.2I will write on the tablets the words that were on the former tablets, which you smashed, and you shall put them in the ark.”3So I made an ark of acacia wood, cut two tablets of stone like the former ones, and went up the mountain with the two tablets in my hand.4Then he wrote on the tablets the same words as before, the ten commandments that the Lord had spoken to you on the mountain out of the fire on the day of the assembly; and the Lord gave them to me.5So I turned and came down from the mountain, and put the tablets in the ark that I had made; and there they are, as the Lord commanded me.6(The Israelites journeyed from Beeroth-bene-jaakan to Moserah. There Aaron died, and there he was buried; his son Eleazar succeeded him as priest.7From there they journeyed to Gudgodah, and from Gudgodah to Jotbathah, a land with flowing streams.8At that time the Lord set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of the Lord, to stand before the Lord to minister to him, and to bless in his name, to this day.9Therefore Levi has no allotment or inheritance with his kindred; the Lord is his inheritance, as the Lord your God promised him.)10I stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights, as I had done the first time. And once again the Lord listened to me. The Lord was unwilling to destroy you.11The Lord said to me, “Get up, go on your journey at the head of the people, that they may go in and occupy the land that I swore to their ancestors to give them.”The Essence of the Law
12So now, O Israel, what does the Lord your God require of you? Only to fear the Lord your God, to walk in all his ways, to love him, to serve the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul,13and to keep the commandments of the Lord your God and his decrees that I am commanding you today, for your own well-being.14Although heaven and the heaven of heavens belong to the Lord your God, the earth with all that is in it,15yet the Lord set his heart in love on your ancestors alone and chose you, their descendants after them, out of all the peoples, as it is today.16Circumcise, then, the foreskin of your heart, and do not be stubborn any longer.17For the Lord your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great God, mighty and awesome, who is not partial and takes no bribe,18who executes justice for the orphan and the widow, and who loves the strangers, providing them food and clothing.19You shall also love the stranger, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.20You shall fear the Lord your God; him alone you shall worship; to him you shall hold fast, and by his name you shall swear.21He is your praise; he is your God, who has done for you these great and awesome things that your own eyes have seen.22Your ancestors went down to Egypt seventy persons; and now the Lord your God has made you as numerous as the stars in heaven.Chapter 11Rewards for Obedience
1You shall love the Lord your God, therefore, and keep his charge, his decrees, his ordinances, and his commandments always.2Remember today that it was not your children (who have not known or seen the discipline of the Lord your God), but it is you who must acknowledge his greatness, his mighty hand and his outstretched arm,3his signs and his deeds that he did in Egypt to Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, and to all his land;4what he did to the Egyptian army, to their horses and chariots, how he made the water of the Red Sea flow over them as they pursued you, so that the Lord has destroyed them to this day;5what he did to you in the wilderness, until you came to this place;6and what he did to Dathan and Abiram, sons of Eliab son of Reuben, how in the midst of all Israel the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up, along with their households, their tents, and every living being in their company;7for it is your own eyes that have seen every great deed that the Lord did.8Keep, then, this entire commandment that I am commanding you today, so that you may have strength to go in and occupy the land that you are crossing over to occupy,9and so that you may live long in the land that the Lord swore to your ancestors to give them and to their descendants, a land flowing with milk and honey.10For the land that you are about to enter to occupy is not like the land of Egypt, from which you have come, where you sow your seed and irrigate by foot like a vegetable garden.11But the land that you are crossing over to occupy is a land of hills and valleys, watered by rain from the sky,12a land that the Lord your God looks after. The eyes of the Lord your God are always on it, from the beginning of the year to the end of the year.13If you will only heed his every commandment that I am commanding you today—loving the Lord your God, and serving him with all your heart and with all your soul—14then he will give the rain for your land in its season, the early rain and the later rain, and you will gather in your grain, your wine, and your oil;15and he will give grass in your fields for your livestock, and you will eat your fill.16Take care, or you will be seduced into turning away, serving other gods and worshiping them,17for then the anger of the Lord will be kindled against you and he will shut up the heavens, so that there will be no rain and the land will yield no fruit; then you will perish quickly off the good land that the Lord is giving you.18You shall put these words of mine in your heart and soul, and you shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and fix them as an emblem on your forehead.19Teach them to your children, talking about them when you are at home and when you are away, when you lie down and when you rise.20Write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates,21so that your days and the days of your children may be multiplied in the land that the Lord swore to your ancestors to give them, as long as the heavens are above the earth.22If you will diligently observe this entire commandment that I am commanding you, loving the Lord your God, walking in all his ways, and holding fast to him,23then the Lord will drive out all these nations before you, and you will dispossess nations larger and mightier than yourselves.24Every place on which you set foot shall be yours; your territory shall extend from the wilderness to the Lebanon and from the River, the river Euphrates, to the Western Sea.25No one will be able to stand against you; the Lord your God will put the fear and dread of you on all the land on which you set foot, as he promised you.26See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse:27the blessing, if you obey the commandments of the Lord your God that I am commanding you today;28and the curse, if you do not obey the commandments of the Lord your God, but turn from the way that I am commanding you today, to follow other gods that you have not known.29When the Lord your God has brought you into the land that you are entering to occupy, you shall set the blessing on Mount Gerizim and the curse on Mount Ebal.30As you know, they are beyond the Jordan, some distance to the west, in the land of the Canaanites who live in the Arabah, opposite Gilgal, beside the oak of Moreh.31When you cross the Jordan to go in to occupy the land that the Lord your God is giving you, and when you occupy it and live in it,32you must diligently observe all the statutes and ordinances that I am setting before you today.