The Consequences of Rebelling against God
1Hear, O Israel! You are about to cross the Jordan today, to go in and dispossess nations larger and mightier than you, great cities, fortified to the heavens,2a strong and tall people, the offspring of the Anakim, whom you know. You have heard it said of them, “Who can stand up to the Anakim?”3Know then today that the Lord your God is the one who crosses over before you as a devouring fire; he will defeat them and subdue them before you, so that you may dispossess and destroy them quickly, as the Lord has promised you.4When the Lord your God thrusts them out before you, do not say to yourself, “It is because of my righteousness that the Lord has brought me in to occupy this land”; it is rather because of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord is dispossessing them before you.5It is not because of your righteousness or the uprightness of your heart that you are going in to occupy their land; but because of the wickedness of these nations the Lord your God is dispossessing them before you, in order to fulfill the promise that the Lord made on oath to your ancestors, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.6Know, then, that the Lord your God is not giving you this good land to occupy because of your righteousness; for you are a stubborn people.7Remember and do not forget how you provoked the Lord your God to wrath in the wilderness; you have been rebellious against the Lord from the day you came out of the land of Egypt until you came to this place.8Even at Horeb you provoked the Lord to wrath, and the Lord was so angry with you that he was ready to destroy you.9When I went up the mountain to receive the stone tablets, the tablets of the covenant that the Lord made with you, I remained on the mountain forty days and forty nights; I neither ate bread nor drank water.10And the Lord gave me the two stone tablets written with the finger of God; on them were all the words that the Lord had spoken to you at the mountain out of the fire on the day of the assembly.11At the end of forty days and forty nights the Lord gave me the two stone tablets, the tablets of the covenant.12Then the Lord said to me, “Get up, go down quickly from here, for your people whom you have brought from Egypt have acted corruptly. They have been quick to turn from the way that I commanded them; they have cast an image for themselves.”13Furthermore the Lord said to me, “I have seen that this people is indeed a stubborn people.14Let me alone that I may destroy them and blot out their name from under heaven; and I will make of you a nation mightier and more numerous than they.”15So I turned and went down from the mountain, while the mountain was ablaze; the two tablets of the covenant were in my two hands.16Then I saw that you had indeed sinned against the Lord your God, by casting for yourselves an image of a calf; you had been quick to turn from the way that the Lord had commanded you.17So I took hold of the two tablets and flung them from my two hands, smashing them before your eyes.18Then I lay prostrate before the Lord as before, forty days and forty nights; I neither ate bread nor drank water, because of all the sin you had committed, provoking the Lord by doing what was evil in his sight.19For I was afraid that the anger that the Lord bore against you was so fierce that he would destroy you. But the Lord listened to me that time also.20The Lord was so angry with Aaron that he was ready to destroy him, but I interceded also on behalf of Aaron at that same time.21Then I took the sinful thing you had made, the calf, and burned it with fire and crushed it, grinding it thoroughly, until it was reduced to dust; and I threw the dust of it into the stream that runs down the mountain.22At Taberah also, and at Massah, and at Kibroth-hattaavah, you provoked the Lord to wrath.23And when the Lord sent you from Kadesh-barnea, saying, “Go up and occupy the land that I have given you,” you rebelled against the command of the Lord your God, neither trusting him nor obeying him.24You have been rebellious against the Lord as long as he has known you.25Throughout the forty days and forty nights that I lay prostrate before the Lord when the Lord intended to destroy you,26I prayed to the Lord and said, “Lord GOD, do not destroy the people who are your very own possession, whom you redeemed in your greatness, whom you brought out of Egypt with a mighty hand.27Remember your servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; pay no attention to the stubbornness of this people, their wickedness and their sin,28otherwise the land from which you have brought us might say, ‘Because the Lord was not able to bring them into the land that he promised them, and because he hated them, he has brought them out to let them die in the wilderness.’29For they are the people of your very own possession, whom you brought out by your great power and by your outstretched arm.”Chapter 10The Second Pair of Tablets
1At that time the Lord said to me, “Carve out two tablets of stone like the former ones, and come up to me on the mountain, and make an ark of wood.2I will write on the tablets the words that were on the former tablets, which you smashed, and you shall put them in the ark.”3So I made an ark of acacia wood, cut two tablets of stone like the former ones, and went up the mountain with the two tablets in my hand.4Then he wrote on the tablets the same words as before, the ten commandments that the Lord had spoken to you on the mountain out of the fire on the day of the assembly; and the Lord gave them to me.5So I turned and came down from the mountain, and put the tablets in the ark that I had made; and there they are, as the Lord commanded me.6(The Israelites journeyed from Beeroth-bene-jaakan to Moserah. There Aaron died, and there he was buried; his son Eleazar succeeded him as priest.7From there they journeyed to Gudgodah, and from Gudgodah to Jotbathah, a land with flowing streams.8At that time the Lord set apart the tribe of Levi to carry the ark of the covenant of the Lord, to stand before the Lord to minister to him, and to bless in his name, to this day.9Therefore Levi has no allotment or inheritance with his kindred; the Lord is his inheritance, as the Lord your God promised him.)10I stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights, as I had done the first time. And once again the Lord listened to me. The Lord was unwilling to destroy you.11The Lord said to me, “Get up, go on your journey at the head of the people, that they may go in and occupy the land that I swore to their ancestors to give them.”The Essence of the Law
12So now, O Israel, what does the Lord your God require of you? Only to fear the Lord your God, to walk in all his ways, to love him, to serve the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul,13and to keep the commandments of the Lord your God and his decrees that I am commanding you today, for your own well-being.14Although heaven and the heaven of heavens belong to the Lord your God, the earth with all that is in it,15yet the Lord set his heart in love on your ancestors alone and chose you, their descendants after them, out of all the peoples, as it is today.16Circumcise, then, the foreskin of your heart, and do not be stubborn any longer.17For the Lord your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great God, mighty and awesome, who is not partial and takes no bribe,18who executes justice for the orphan and the widow, and who loves the strangers, providing them food and clothing.19You shall also love the stranger, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.20You shall fear the Lord your God; him alone you shall worship; to him you shall hold fast, and by his name you shall swear.21He is your praise; he is your God, who has done for you these great and awesome things that your own eyes have seen.22Your ancestors went down to Egypt seventy persons; and now the Lord your God has made you as numerous as the stars in heaven.Chapter 11Rewards for Obedience
1You shall love the Lord your God, therefore, and keep his charge, his decrees, his ordinances, and his commandments always.2Remember today that it was not your children (who have not known or seen the discipline of the Lord your God), but it is you who must acknowledge his greatness, his mighty hand and his outstretched arm,3his signs and his deeds that he did in Egypt to Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, and to all his land;4what he did to the Egyptian army, to their horses and chariots, how he made the water of the Red Sea flow over them as they pursued you, so that the Lord has destroyed them to this day;5what he did to you in the wilderness, until you came to this place;6and what he did to Dathan and Abiram, sons of Eliab son of Reuben, how in the midst of all Israel the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up, along with their households, their tents, and every living being in their company;7for it is your own eyes that have seen every great deed that the Lord did.8Keep, then, this entire commandment that I am commanding you today, so that you may have strength to go in and occupy the land that you are crossing over to occupy,9and so that you may live long in the land that the Lord swore to your ancestors to give them and to their descendants, a land flowing with milk and honey.10For the land that you are about to enter to occupy is not like the land of Egypt, from which you have come, where you sow your seed and irrigate by foot like a vegetable garden.11But the land that you are crossing over to occupy is a land of hills and valleys, watered by rain from the sky,12a land that the Lord your God looks after. The eyes of the Lord your God are always on it, from the beginning of the year to the end of the year.13If you will only heed his every commandment that I am commanding you today—loving the Lord your God, and serving him with all your heart and with all your soul—14then he will give the rain for your land in its season, the early rain and the later rain, and you will gather in your grain, your wine, and your oil;15and he will give grass in your fields for your livestock, and you will eat your fill.16Take care, or you will be seduced into turning away, serving other gods and worshiping them,17for then the anger of the Lord will be kindled against you and he will shut up the heavens, so that there will be no rain and the land will yield no fruit; then you will perish quickly off the good land that the Lord is giving you.18You shall put these words of mine in your heart and soul, and you shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and fix them as an emblem on your forehead.19Teach them to your children, talking about them when you are at home and when you are away, when you lie down and when you rise.20Write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates,21so that your days and the days of your children may be multiplied in the land that the Lord swore to your ancestors to give them, as long as the heavens are above the earth.22If you will diligently observe this entire commandment that I am commanding you, loving the Lord your God, walking in all his ways, and holding fast to him,23then the Lord will drive out all these nations before you, and you will dispossess nations larger and mightier than yourselves.24Every place on which you set foot shall be yours; your territory shall extend from the wilderness to the Lebanon and from the River, the river Euphrates, to the Western Sea.25No one will be able to stand against you; the Lord your God will put the fear and dread of you on all the land on which you set foot, as he promised you.26See, I am setting before you today a blessing and a curse:27the blessing, if you obey the commandments of the Lord your God that I am commanding you today;28and the curse, if you do not obey the commandments of the Lord your God, but turn from the way that I am commanding you today, to follow other gods that you have not known.29When the Lord your God has brought you into the land that you are entering to occupy, you shall set the blessing on Mount Gerizim and the curse on Mount Ebal.30As you know, they are beyond the Jordan, some distance to the west, in the land of the Canaanites who live in the Arabah, opposite Gilgal, beside the oak of Moreh.31When you cross the Jordan to go in to occupy the land that the Lord your God is giving you, and when you occupy it and live in it,32you must diligently observe all the statutes and ordinances that I am setting before you today.Chapter 12Pagan Shrines to Be Destroyed
1These are the statutes and ordinances that you must diligently observe in the land that the Lord, the God of your ancestors, has given you to occupy all the days that you live on the earth.2You must demolish completely all the places where the nations whom you are about to dispossess served their gods, on the mountain heights, on the hills, and under every leafy tree.3Break down their altars, smash their pillars, burn their sacred poles with fire, and hew down the idols of their gods, and thus blot out their name from their places.4You shall not worship the Lord your God in such ways.5But you shall seek the place that the Lord your God will choose out of all your tribes as his habitation to put his name there. You shall go there,6bringing there your burnt offerings and your sacrifices, your tithes and your donations, your votive gifts, your freewill offerings, and the firstlings of your herds and flocks.7And you shall eat there in the presence of the Lord your God, you and your households together, rejoicing in all the undertakings in which the Lord your God has blessed you.8You shall not act as we are acting here today, all of us according to our own desires,9for you have not yet come into the rest and the possession that the Lord your God is giving you.10When you cross over the Jordan and live in the land that the Lord your God is allotting to you, and when he gives you rest from your enemies all around so that you live in safety,11then you shall bring everything that I command you to the place that the Lord your God will choose as a dwelling for his name: your burnt offerings and your sacrifices, your tithes and your donations, and all your choice votive gifts that you vow to the Lord.12And you shall rejoice before the Lord your God, you together with your sons and your daughters, your male and female slaves, and the Levites who reside in your towns (since they have no allotment or inheritance with you).A Prescribed Place of Worship
13Take care that you do not offer your burnt offerings at any place you happen to see.14But only at the place that the Lord will choose in one of your tribes—there you shall offer your burnt offerings and there you shall do everything I command you.15Yet whenever you desire you may slaughter and eat meat within any of your towns, according to the blessing that the Lord your God has given you; the unclean and the clean may eat of it, as they would of gazelle or deer.16The blood, however, you must not eat; you shall pour it out on the ground like water.17Nor may you eat within your towns the tithe of your grain, your wine, and your oil, the firstlings of your herds and your flocks, any of your votive gifts that you vow, your freewill offerings, or your donations;18these you shall eat in the presence of the Lord your God at the place that the Lord your God will choose, you together with your son and your daughter, your male and female slaves, and the Levites resident in your towns, rejoicing in the presence of the Lord your God in all your undertakings.19Take care that you do not neglect the Levite as long as you live in your land.20When the Lord your God enlarges your territory, as he has promised you, and you say, “I am going to eat some meat,” because you wish to eat meat, you may eat meat whenever you have the desire.21If the place where the Lord your God will choose to put his name is too far from you, and you slaughter as I have commanded you any of your herd or flock that the Lord has given you, then you may eat within your towns whenever you desire.22Indeed, just as gazelle or deer is eaten, so you may eat it; the unclean and the clean alike may eat it.23Only be sure that you do not eat the blood; for the blood is the life, and you shall not eat the life with the meat.24Do not eat it; you shall pour it out on the ground like water.25Do not eat it, so that all may go well with you and your children after you, because you do what is right in the sight of the Lord.26But the sacred donations that are due from you, and your votive gifts, you shall bring to the place that the Lord will choose.27You shall present your burnt offerings, both the meat and the blood, on the altar of the Lord your God; the blood of your other sacrifices shall be poured out beside the altar of the Lord your God, but the meat you may eat.28Be careful to obey all these words that I command you today, so that it may go well with you and with your children after you forever, because you will be doing what is good and right in the sight of the Lord your God.
Warning against Idolatry
29When the Lord your God has cut off before you the nations whom you are about to enter to dispossess them, when you have dispossessed them and live in their land,30take care that you are not snared into imitating them, after they have been destroyed before you: do not inquire concerning their gods, saying, “How did these nations worship their gods? I also want to do the same.”31You must not do the same for the Lord your God, because every abhorrent thing that the Lord hates they have done for their gods. They would even burn their sons and their daughters in the fire to their gods.32 You must diligently observe everything that I command you; do not add to it or take anything from it.