Jacob Flees with Family and Flocks
1Now Jacob heard that the sons of Laban were saying, “Jacob has taken all that was our father's; he has gained all this wealth from what belonged to our father.”2And Jacob saw that Laban did not regard him as favorably as he did before.3Then the Lord said to Jacob, “Return to the land of your ancestors and to your kindred, and I will be with you.”4So Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah into the field where his flock was,5and said to them, “I see that your father does not regard me as favorably as he did before. But the God of my father has been with me.6You know that I have served your father with all my strength;7yet your father has cheated me and changed my wages ten times, but God did not permit him to harm me.8If he said, ‘The speckled shall be your wages,’ then all the flock bore speckled; and if he said, ‘The striped shall be your wages,’ then all the flock bore striped.9Thus God has taken away the livestock of your father, and given them to me.10“During the mating of the flock I once had a dream in which I looked up and saw that the male goats that leaped upon the flock were striped, speckled, and mottled.11Then the angel of God said to me in the dream, ‘Jacob,’ and I said, ‘Here I am!’12And he said, ‘Look up and see that all the goats that leap on the flock are striped, speckled, and mottled; for I have seen all that Laban is doing to you.13I am the God of Bethel, where you anointed a pillar and made a vow to me. Now leave this land at once and return to the land of your birth.’ ”14Then Rachel and Leah answered him, “Is there any portion or inheritance left to us in our father's house?15Are we not regarded by him as foreigners? For he has sold us, and he has been using up the money given for us.16All the property that God has taken away from our father belongs to us and to our children; now then, do whatever God has said to you.”17So Jacob arose, and set his children and his wives on camels;18and he drove away all his livestock, all the property that he had gained, the livestock in his possession that he had acquired in Paddan-aram, to go to his father Isaac in the land of Canaan.19Now Laban had gone to shear his sheep, and Rachel stole her father's household gods.20And Jacob deceived Laban the Aramean, in that he did not tell him that he intended to flee.21So he fled with all that he had; starting out he crossed the Euphrates, and set his face toward the hill country of Gilead.Laban Overtakes Jacob
22On the third day Laban was told that Jacob had fled.23So he took his kinsfolk with him and pursued him for seven days until he caught up with him in the hill country of Gilead.24But God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream by night, and said to him, “Take heed that you say not a word to Jacob, either good or bad.”25Laban overtook Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the hill country, and Laban with his kinsfolk camped in the hill country of Gilead.26Laban said to Jacob, “What have you done? You have deceived me, and carried away my daughters like captives of the sword.27Why did you flee secretly and deceive me and not tell me? I would have sent you away with mirth and songs, with tambourine and lyre.28And why did you not permit me to kiss my sons and my daughters farewell? What you have done is foolish.29It is in my power to do you harm; but the God of your father spoke to me last night, saying, ‘Take heed that you speak to Jacob neither good nor bad.’30Even though you had to go because you longed greatly for your father's house, why did you steal my gods?”31Jacob answered Laban, “Because I was afraid, for I thought that you would take your daughters from me by force.32But anyone with whom you find your gods shall not live. In the presence of our kinsfolk, point out what I have that is yours, and take it.” Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen the gods.33So Laban went into Jacob's tent, and into Leah's tent, and into the tent of the two maids, but he did not find them. And he went out of Leah's tent, and entered Rachel's.34Now Rachel had taken the household gods and put them in the camel's saddle, and sat on them. Laban felt all about in the tent, but did not find them.35And she said to her father, “Let not my lord be angry that I cannot rise before you, for the way of women is upon me.” So he searched, but did not find the household gods.36Then Jacob became angry, and upbraided Laban. Jacob said to Laban, “What is my offense? What is my sin, that you have hotly pursued me?37Although you have felt about through all my goods, what have you found of all your household goods? Set it here before my kinsfolk and your kinsfolk, so that they may decide between us two.38These twenty years I have been with you; your ewes and your female goats have not miscarried, and I have not eaten the rams of your flocks.39That which was torn by wild beasts I did not bring to you; I bore the loss of it myself; of my hand you required it, whether stolen by day or stolen by night.40It was like this with me: by day the heat consumed me, and the cold by night, and my sleep fled from my eyes.41These twenty years I have been in your house; I served you fourteen years for your two daughters, and six years for your flock, and you have changed my wages ten times.42If the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the Fear of Isaac, had not been on my side, surely now you would have sent me away empty-handed. God saw my affliction and the labor of my hands, and rebuked you last night.”Laban and Jacob Make a Covenant
43Then Laban answered and said to Jacob, “The daughters are my daughters, the children are my children, the flocks are my flocks, and all that you see is mine. But what can I do today about these daughters of mine, or about their children whom they have borne?44Come now, let us make a covenant, you and I; and let it be a witness between you and me.”45So Jacob took a stone, and set it up as a pillar.46And Jacob said to his kinsfolk, “Gather stones,” and they took stones, and made a heap; and they ate there by the heap.47Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha: but Jacob called it Galeed.48Laban said, “This heap is a witness between you and me today.” Therefore he called it Galeed,49and the pillar Mizpah, for he said, “The Lord watch between you and me, when we are absent one from the other.50If you ill-treat my daughters, or if you take wives in addition to my daughters, though no one else is with us, remember that God is witness between you and me.”51Then Laban said to Jacob, “See this heap and see the pillar, which I have set between you and me.52This heap is a witness, and the pillar is a witness, that I will not pass beyond this heap to you, and you will not pass beyond this heap and this pillar to me, for harm.53May the God of Abraham and the God of Nahor”—the God of their father—“judge between us.” So Jacob swore by the Fear of his father Isaac,54and Jacob offered a sacrifice on the height and called his kinsfolk to eat bread; and they ate bread and tarried all night in the hill country.55 Early in the morning Laban rose up, and kissed his grandchildren and his daughters and blessed them; then he departed and returned home.Chapter 321Jacob went on his way and the angels of God met him;2and when Jacob saw them he said, “This is God's camp!” So he called that place Mahanaim.Jacob Sends Presents to Appease Esau
3Jacob sent messengers before him to his brother Esau in the land of Seir, the country of Edom,4instructing them, “Thus you shall say to my lord Esau: Thus says your servant Jacob, ‘I have lived with Laban as an alien, and stayed until now;5and I have oxen, donkeys, flocks, male and female slaves; and I have sent to tell my lord, in order that I may find favor in your sight.’ ”6The messengers returned to Jacob, saying, “We came to your brother Esau, and he is coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him.”7Then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed; and he divided the people that were with him, and the flocks and herds and camels, into two companies,8thinking, “If Esau comes to the one company and destroys it, then the company that is left will escape.”9And Jacob said, “O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, O Lord who said to me, ‘Return to your country and to your kindred, and I will do you good,’10I am not worthy of the least of all the steadfast love and all the faithfulness that you have shown to your servant, for with only my staff I crossed this Jordan; and now I have become two companies.11Deliver me, please, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau, for I am afraid of him; he may come and kill us all, the mothers with the children.12Yet you have said, ‘I will surely do you good, and make your offspring as the sand of the sea, which cannot be counted because of their number.’ ”13So he spent that night there, and from what he had with him he took a present for his brother Esau,14two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams,15thirty milch camels and their colts, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty female donkeys and ten male donkeys.16These he delivered into the hand of his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass on ahead of me, and put a space between drove and drove.”17He instructed the foremost, “When Esau my brother meets you, and asks you, ‘To whom do you belong? Where are you going? And whose are these ahead of you?’18then you shall say, ‘They belong to your servant Jacob; they are a present sent to my lord Esau; and moreover he is behind us.’ ”19He likewise instructed the second and the third and all who followed the droves, “You shall say the same thing to Esau when you meet him,20and you shall say, ‘Moreover your servant Jacob is behind us.’ ” For he thought, “I may appease him with the present that goes ahead of me, and afterwards I shall see his face; perhaps he will accept me.”21So the present passed on ahead of him; and he himself spent that night in the camp.Jacob Wrestles at Peniel
22The same night he got up and took his two wives, his two maids, and his eleven children, and crossed the ford of the Jabbok.23He took them and sent them across the stream, and likewise everything that he had.24Jacob was left alone; and a man wrestled with him until daybreak.25When the man saw that he did not prevail against Jacob, he struck him on the hip socket; and Jacob's hip was put out of joint as he wrestled with him.26Then he said, “Let me go, for the day is breaking.” But Jacob said, “I will not let you go, unless you bless me.”27So he said to him, “What is your name?” And he said, “Jacob.”28Then the man said, “You shall no longer be called Jacob, but Israel, for you have striven with God and with humans, and have prevailed.”29Then Jacob asked him, “Please tell me your name.” But he said, “Why is it that you ask my name?” And there he blessed him.30So Jacob called the place Peniel, saying, “For I have seen God face to face, and yet my life is preserved.”31The sun rose upon him as he passed Penuel, limping because of his hip.32Therefore to this day the Israelites do not eat the thigh muscle that is on the hip socket, because he struck Jacob on the hip socket at the thigh muscle.