Punishment for Israel's Sin
1Do not rejoice, O Israel!
Do not exult as other nations do;
for you have played the whore, departing from your God.
You have loved a prostitute's pay
on all threshing floors.2Threshing floor and wine vat shall not feed them,
and the new wine shall fail them.3They shall not remain in the land of the Lord;
but Ephraim shall return to Egypt,
and in Assyria they shall eat unclean food.
4They shall not pour drink offerings of wine to the Lord,
and their sacrifices shall not please him.
Such sacrifices shall be like mourners' bread;
all who eat of it shall be defiled;
for their bread shall be for their hunger only;
it shall not come to the house of the Lord.
5What will you do on the day of appointed festival,
and on the day of the festival of the Lord?6For even if they escape destruction,
Egypt shall gather them,
Memphis shall bury them.
Nettles shall possess their precious things of silver;
thorns shall be in their tents.
7The days of punishment have come,
the days of recompense have come;
“The prophet is a fool,
the man of the spirit is mad!”
Because of your great iniquity,
your hostility is great.8The prophet is a sentinel for my God over Ephraim,
yet a fowler's snare is on all his ways,
and hostility in the house of his God.9They have deeply corrupted themselves
as in the days of Gibeah;
he will remember their iniquity,
he will punish their sins.
10Like grapes in the wilderness,
I found Israel.
Like the first fruit on the fig tree,
in its first season,
I saw your ancestors.
But they came to Baal-peor,
and consecrated themselves to a thing of shame,
and became detestable like the thing they loved.11Ephraim's glory shall fly away like a bird—
no birth, no pregnancy, no conception!12Even if they bring up children,
I will bereave them until no one is left.
Woe to them indeed
when I depart from them!13Once I saw Ephraim as a young palm planted in a lovely meadow,
but now Ephraim must lead out his children for slaughter.14Give them, O Lord—
what will you give?
Give them a miscarrying womb
and dry breasts.
15Every evil of theirs began at Gilgal;
there I came to hate them.
Because of the wickedness of their deeds
I will drive them out of my house.
I will love them no more;
all their officials are rebels.
16Ephraim is stricken,
their root is dried up,
they shall bear no fruit.
Even though they give birth,
I will kill the cherished offspring of their womb.17Because they have not listened to him,
my God will reject them;
they shall become wanderers among the nations.
Chapter 10Israel's Sin and Captivity
1Israel is a luxuriant vine
that yields its fruit.
The more his fruit increased
the more altars he built;
as his country improved,
he improved his pillars.2Their heart is false;
now they must bear their guilt.
The Lord! will break down their altars,
and destroy their pillars.
3For now they will say:
“We have no king,
for we do not fear the Lord,
and a king—what could he do for us?”4They utter mere words;
with empty oaths they make covenants;
so litigation springs up like poisonous weeds
in the furrows of the field.5The inhabitants of Samaria tremble
for the calf of Beth-aven.
Its people shall mourn for it,
and its idolatrous priests shall wail over it,
over its glory that has departed from it.6The thing itself shall be carried to Assyria
as tribute to the great king.
Ephraim shall be put to shame,
and Israel shall be ashamed of his idol.
7Samaria's king shall perish
like a chip on the face of the waters.8The high places of Aven, the sin of Israel,
shall be destroyed.
Thorn and thistle shall grow up
on their altars.
They shall say to the mountains, Cover us,
and to the hills, Fall on us.
9Since the days of Gibeah you have sinned, O Israel;
there they have continued.
Shall not war overtake them in Gibeah?10I will come against the wayward people to punish them;
and nations shall be gathered against them
when they are punished for their double iniquity.
11Ephraim was a trained heifer
that loved to thresh,
and I spared her fair neck;
but I will make Ephraim break the ground;
Judah must plow;
Jacob must harrow for himself.12Sow for yourselves righteousness;
reap steadfast love;
break up your fallow ground;
for it is time to seek the Lord,
that he may come and rain righteousness upon you.
13You have plowed wickedness,
you have reaped injustice,
you have eaten the fruit of lies.
Because you have trusted in your power
and in the multitude of your warriors,14therefore the tumult of war shall rise against your people,
and all your fortresses shall be destroyed,
as Shalman destroyed Beth-arbel on the day of battle
when mothers were dashed in pieces with their children.15Thus it shall be done to you, O Bethel,
because of your great wickedness.
At dawn the king of Israel
shall be utterly cut off.
Chapter 11God's Compassion Despite Israel's Ingratitude
1When Israel was a child, I loved him,
and out of Egypt I called my son.2The more I called them,
the more they went from me;
they kept sacrificing to the Baals,
and offering incense to idols.
3Yet it was I who taught Ephraim to walk,
I took them up in my arms;
but they did not know that I healed them.4I led them with cords of human kindness,
with bands of love.
I was to them like those
who lift infants to their cheeks.
I bent down to them and fed them.
5They shall return to the land of Egypt,
and Assyria shall be their king,
because they have refused to return to me.6The sword rages in their cities,
it consumes their oracle-priests,
and devours because of their schemes.7My people are bent on turning away from me.
To the Most High they call,
but he does not raise them up at all.
8How can I give you up, Ephraim?
How can I hand you over, O Israel?
How can I make you like Admah?
How can I treat you like Zeboiim?
My heart recoils within me;
my compassion grows warm and tender.9I will not execute my fierce anger;
I will not again destroy Ephraim;
for I am God and no mortal,
the Holy One in your midst,
and I will not come in wrath.
10They shall go after the Lord,
who roars like a lion;
when he roars,
his children shall come trembling from the west.11They shall come trembling like birds from Egypt,
and like doves from the land of Assyria;
and I will return them to their homes, says the Lord.
12 Ephraim has surrounded me with lies,
and the house of Israel with deceit;
but Judah still walks with God,
and is faithful to the Holy One.Chapter 121Ephraim herds the wind,
and pursues the east wind all day long;
they multiply falsehood and violence;
they make a treaty with Assyria,
and oil is carried to Egypt.
The Long History of Rebellion
2The Lord has an indictment against Judah,
and will punish Jacob according to his ways,
and repay him according to his deeds.3In the womb he tried to supplant his brother,
and in his manhood he strove with God.4He strove with the angel and prevailed,
he wept and sought his favor;
he met him at Bethel,
and there he spoke with him.5The Lord the God of hosts,
the Lord is his name!6But as for you, return to your God,
hold fast to love and justice,
and wait continually for your God.
7A trader, in whose hands are false balances,
he loves to oppress.8Ephraim has said, “Ah, I am rich,
I have gained wealth for myself;
in all of my gain
no offense has been found in me
that would be sin.”9I am the Lord your God
from the land of Egypt;
I will make you live in tents again,
as in the days of the appointed festival.
10I spoke to the prophets;
it was I who multiplied visions,
and through the prophets I will bring destruction.11In Gilead there is iniquity,
they shall surely come to nothing.
In Gilgal they sacrifice bulls,
so their altars shall be like stone heaps
on the furrows of the field.12Jacob fled to the land of Aram,
there Israel served for a wife,
and for a wife he guarded sheep.13By a prophet the Lord brought Israel up from Egypt,
and by a prophet he was guarded.14Ephraim has given bitter offense,
so his Lord will bring his crimes down on him
and pay him back for his insults.Chapter 13Relentless Judgment on Israel
1When Ephraim spoke, there was trembling;
he was exalted in Israel;
but he incurred guilt through Baal and died.2And now they keep on sinning
and make a cast image for themselves,
idols of silver made according to their understanding,
all of them the work of artisans.
“Sacrifice to these,” they say.
People are kissing calves!3Therefore they shall be like the morning mist
or like the dew that goes away early,
like chaff that swirls from the threshing floor
or like smoke from a window.
4Yet I have been the Lord your God
ever since the land of Egypt;
you know no God but me,
and besides me there is no savior.5It was I who fed you in the wilderness,
in the land of drought.6When I fed them, they were satisfied;
they were satisfied, and their heart was proud;
therefore they forgot me.7So I will become like a lion to them,
like a leopard I will lurk beside the way.8I will fall upon them like a bear robbed of her cubs,
and will tear open the covering of their heart;
there I will devour them like a lion,
as a wild animal would mangle them.
9I will destroy you, O Israel;
who can help you?10Where now is your king, that he may save you?
Where in all your cities are your rulers,
of whom you said,
“Give me a king and rulers”?11I gave you a king in my anger,
and I took him away in my wrath.
12Ephraim's iniquity is bound up;
his sin is kept in store.13The pangs of childbirth come for him,
but he is an unwise son;
for at the proper time he does not present himself
at the mouth of the womb.
14Shall I ransom them from the power of Sheol?
Shall I redeem them from Death?
O Death, where are your plagues?
O Sheol, where is your destruction?
Compassion is hidden from my eyes.
15Although he may flourish among rushes,
the east wind shall come, a blast from the Lord,
rising from the wilderness;
and his fountain shall dry up,
his spring shall be parched.
It shall strip his treasury
of every precious thing.16 Samaria shall bear her guilt,
because she has rebelled against her God;
they shall fall by the sword,
their little ones shall be dashed in pieces,
and their pregnant women ripped open.