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Hazor Map

Hazor stood at the crossroads of the major trade routes linking Egypt to Mesopotamia. Goods traveling to and from the Phoenician port of Tyre also crossed through the region. This made Hazor a strategic location in northern Palestine. During the Bronze Age, it became one of the more important fortified cities in the region. In fact, the book of Joshua describes Hazor as the head of all the northern Canaanite cities (Josh 11:10). According to the Bible, the site was one of those destroyed during the Israelite conquest. Excavations of the site have revealed that it was indeed destroyed in the 13th century B.C.E., but the identity of the people responsible is still under debate. Hazor would remain uninhabited until a modest fortified city reappeared some four hundred years later. In the book of Kings, it was Solomon who recognized the strategic advantage of an Israelite presence there. Produced by